Capter 7 outline

Capter 7 outline - Wendy Moritz Chapter 7 Groups&...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Wendy Moritz Chapter 7: Groups & Organizations • Social Groups : clusters of people w/whom interact in our daily lives • From world of families, local neighborhoods, & small businesses, society now turns to operation of huge cooperation’s & other bureaucracies: Formal organizations Social Groups • Social Group : 2 or more people who identify & interact w/ one another o Couples, families, circles of friends, churches, clubs, businesses, neighbors, & large org. o Group is made up of people w/shared experiences, loyalties, & interests • Category : not a group but people all over country with a status in common o Ex: women, homeowners, solders, millionaires, college graduates, & roman Catholics • Loosely formed collection of people in one place: crowd Primary & Secondary Groups • 2 types of social groups o Charles Horton Cooley said primary group : small social group whose members share personal & lasting relationships joined by primary relationships ( people spend great deal of time together, engage in a wide range of activities, & feel that they know one another pretty well) Cooley called personal & tightly integrated groups “primary” b/c are among 1 st groups we experience in life Family most important in every society Family & early play groups have primary importance in socialization process, shaping attitudes, behavior, & social identity Help one another in many ways View each other as unique & irreplaceable Define who are in terms of family ties or personal qualities o Secondary Group : large & impersonal social group whose members pursue a specific goal or activity Have characteristics opposite to primary groups Secondary Relationships involve weak emotional ties & little perusal knowledge of one another Most short-term, beginning & ending w/o particular significance Involve many people Goal orientation Tend to “keep score”, aware of what give others and what receive in return Remain formal & polite Group Leadership • Important element of group dynamics is leadership • Small circle of friends may have no leader, most large secondary groups place leaders in a formal chain of command Two Leadership Roles • Instrumental Leadership : group leadership that focuses on completion of tasks o Make plans, give orders, & get things done o Have formal secondary relationships w/other members o Give orders & reward of punish members according to how much members contribute to groups efforts o Enjoy more respect from members • Expressive Leadership: group leadership that focuses on group’s well being o Take less interest in achieving goals than in raising group morale & minimizing tension & conflict among members o Build personal primary ties o Offer sympathy to a member going through tough times, keep group united, & lighten serious moments w/humor o Receive more personal affection • Traditional US family, has 2 types of leadership linked to gender: Males-primary, Females-...
View Full Document

Page1 / 10

Capter 7 outline - Wendy Moritz Chapter 7 Groups&...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online