Chapter 1 outline

Chapter 1 outline - Wendy Moritz Sociology Chapter 1: The...

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Wendy Moritz Sociology Chapter 1: The Sociological Perspective The Sociological Perspective Sociology: systematic study of human society. Seeing the General in the Particular Peter Berger described sociological perspective as seeing the general in the particular o Sociologists look for general patterns in the behavior of particular people Any society shapes lives of people in various categories (children & Lillian Rubin (1976) found that high income women typically expect men they marry to be sensitive to others, talk readily, and share feelings & experiences; while the lower income women were looking Seeing the Strange in the Familiar Sociological perspective is seeing the strange in the familiar Seeing the Personal Choice in Social Context Durkheim found that men, Protestants, wealthy, and unmarried had higher suicide rates than women, Catholics, Jews, poor, and married people. o He explained this because of social integration (categories of people with strong social ties had low rates, & more individualistic categories of people had high suicide rates) Can see general patterns in personal actions of particular individuals 2 situations help people see clearly how society shapes individual lives o Living on margins of society Greater the better able to use sociological perspective o Living through a social crisis Outsider - not being part of dominant group C. Wright Mills (1959) illustrated sociological imagination using the great depression of the 1930’s o Helped people understand not only their society but their own lives b/c 2 are closely related Social change encourages sociological thinking, sociological thinking can bring about social change The Importance of a Global Perspective Global Perspective Global awareness is a logical extension of sociological perspective Sociology shows that our place in society shapes our life experiences High-income countries: nations with the highest overall standards of living Roughly 50 countries
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o U.S., Canada, Argentina, nations of Western Europe, South Africa, Israel, People own most of the planet’s wealth Middle-income countries: nations with a standard of living about average for the world as a whole 80 nations o Countries of Eastern Europe, some of Africa, & most of Latin America, & Asia Likely to live in rural villages as in cities & to walk to or ride tractors, scooters, bicycles, or animals as to drive cars Receive 6 to 8 yrs of schooling Considerable social inequality within their borders, so that many people are Low-income countries: nations with low standard of living in which most people are poor
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Chapter 1 outline - Wendy Moritz Sociology Chapter 1: The...

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