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Chapter 9 outline

Chapter 9 outline - Wendy Moritz Chapter 9 Deviance What is...

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Wendy Moritz Chapter 9: Deviance What is Deviance? Deviance : Recognized violation of cultural norms o Crime : violation of society’s formally enacted criminal law Deviant actions or attitudes have in common is sense of difference that causes to think of another person as “outsider” Social Control Social Control : attempts by society to regulate people’s thoughts & behavior Criminal Justice System : formal response by police, courts, & prison officials to alleged violations of law The Biological Context Cesare Lombroso theorized that criminals stand out physically, w/low foreheads, prominent jaws, & cheekbones, hairiness, & unusually long arms look like our apelike ancestors William Sheldon suggested that body structure might predict criminality o Criminality most likely among boys w/muscular, athletic builds Sheldon Glueck & Eleanor Gluek confirmed this but cautioned: powerful build doesn’t necessarily cause criminality Biological traits in combination w/environment factors explain some serious crime Personality Factors Deviance is viewed as result of “unsuccessful” socialization Walter Reckless & Simon Dinitz asked number of teachers to categorize 12 yr old male students as either likely or unlikely to get into trouble w/law o Then interviewed boys & their mothers to assess each boy’s self-concept & how he related to others o Found that “good boys” displayed a strong conscience, could handle frustration, & identified w/cultural norms & values had fewer run-ins w/police than bad boys o “Bad boys” had weaker conscience, displayed little tolerance of frustration, & felt out of step w/conventional culture o Called analysis containment theory Psychologists have shown personality patterns have some connection to deviance The Social Foundations of Deviance 3 social foundations of deviance: 1. Deviance varies according to cultural norms: no thought or action is inherently deviant; becomes deviant only in relations to particular norms; norms vary from place to place deviances also 2. People become deviant as others define them that way 3. Both norms & way people define rule-breaking involve social power : norms & how apply them reflect social inequality The Functions of Deviance: Structural-Functional Analysis Deviance is a necessary part of social organization Made by Emile Durkheim Durkheim’s Basic Insight Durkheim made surprising statement that there is nothing abnormal about deviance Performs 4 essential functions: o Deviance affirms cultural values & norms Needed to define & support morality o Responding to deviance clarifies moral boundaries o Responding to deviance brings people together
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o Deviance encourages social change An Illustration: The Puritans of Massachusetts Bay Kai Erikson’s study of puritans of Massachusetts bay brings Durkheim’s theory to life Showed even puritans created deviance to clarify their moral boundaries
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Chapter 9 outline - Wendy Moritz Chapter 9 Deviance What is...

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