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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 15: Change, Stability, & Future Families Social Change Sources of Social Change • Changes in the institution of family tend to occur gradually over time in response to changes that occur in other areas of society • Demographic shifts in the shape & size of the population, technological innovation, & cultural institutional, & economic trends often force families to alter the way they do things • Population Pressures o Age distribution of US population has shifted over the course of the 20 th & 21 st centuries o Passing of the massive baby boom generation- those US residents born between 1946 & 1964- through the life course has been described metaphorically as “a pig in a python” o Generation was the 1 st to redefine families to include a variety of living arrangements: cohabitation, domestic partnerships, & never-married women w/dependent children, 1 st to expect paid work to be central feature of women’s lives, & 1 st to grow up w/effective birth control, making delayed childbearing & voluntary childlessness possible o Children between 1980 & 1999- Millennium Generation- represent a sizable generation in their own right o Political pressure from their parents has led to an increase in instructional staff, the building of new schools, increased scrutiny of tv programs, for children, & heightened concern over the effect of advertising on children • Technological Innovation o Discovery of fire & electricity changed the nature of human lives & cultures for all time o Invention of the internal combustion engine, tv, telecommunications, & the microchip were instrumental in determining the course of history in the 20 th century o Scientific developments like improved knowledge of disease processes, medical care, nutrition, & water quality have all helped to reduce illness & increase life expectancy o Industrialization created greater access to wealth & thereby increased the size of the middle class o Technological innovations increase the moral choices individuals & families must make o Significant implications for childbearing is genetic engineering o Technology raises moral issues regarding the end of life o Advances in medical technology, prenatal care, hygiene, & nutrition have not only increased life expectance but also delayed the onset of serious disease o Society can sometimes be slow to adjust to the changes brought about by scientific & technological innovation o Electronic & telecommunications advances also have undeniable consequences for family life o Urge to electronically “stay in touch” w/the workplace is robbing some families of uninterrupted time together o...
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This note was uploaded on 11/28/2010 for the course SOC 356 taught by Professor Asd during the Spring '07 term at Bryant.
- Spring '07