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Chapter 15 newman notes

Chapter 15 newman notes -...

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Chapter 15: Change, Stability, & Future Families Social Change Sources of Social Change Changes in the institution of family tend to occur gradually over time in response to changes that  occur in other areas of society Demographic shifts in the shape & size of the population, technological innovation, & cultural  institutional, & economic trends often force families to alter the way they do things Population Pressures o Age distribution of US population has shifted over the course of the 20 th  & 21 st  centuries o Passing of the massive baby boom generation- those US residents born between 1946 &  1964- through the life course has been described metaphorically as “a pig in a python” o Generation was the 1 st  to redefine families to include a variety of living arrangements:  cohabitation, domestic partnerships, & never-married women w/dependent children, 1 st  to  expect paid work to be central feature of women’s lives, & 1 st  to grow up w/effective birth  control, making delayed childbearing & voluntary childlessness possible o Children between 1980 & 1999- Millennium Generation- represent a sizable generation in  their own right o Political pressure from their parents has led to an increase in instructional staff, the building  of new schools, increased scrutiny of tv programs, for children, & heightened concern over  the effect of advertising on children Technological Innovation o Discovery of fire & electricity changed the nature of human lives & cultures for all time o Invention of the internal combustion engine, tv, telecommunications, & the microchip were  instrumental in determining the course of history in the 20 th  century o Scientific developments like improved knowledge of disease processes, medical care,  nutrition, & water quality have all helped to reduce illness & increase life expectancy o Industrialization created greater access to wealth & thereby increased the size of the middle  class o Technological innovations increase the moral choices individuals & families must make o Significant implications for childbearing is genetic engineering o Technology raises moral issues regarding the end of life o Advances in medical technology, prenatal care, hygiene, & nutrition have not only increased  life expectance but also delayed the onset of serious disease o Society can sometimes be slow to adjust to the changes brought about by scientific &  technological innovation o Electronic & telecommunications advances also have undeniable consequences for family  life o Urge to electronically “stay in touch” w/the workplace is robbing some families of  uninterrupted time together
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  • Spring '07
  • asd
  • family  life, Future Families Social, families Family Policy, family ideology­ belief, families particularly families

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