Chapter 3 newman notes

Chapter 3 newman notes - Chapter3:MeasuringFamilies...

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Chapter 3: Measuring Families Everyday vs. Social Science Research We may make inaccurate or selective observations, over generalize on the basis of a  limited # of observations, or draw conclusions that protect our own interests Characteristics of Social Science Research Researchers usually do the following: o Design & choose questions in advance, & ask them in a consistent way of a large  # of ppl o Use sophisticated techniques to ensure that the characteristics of the ppl in a  study are similar to those of the population at large o Methodically record observations across a variety of situations o Use computers to generate statistics from which we can draw confident  conclusions Replication      of the study allows researchers to perform a similar study themselves to see  whether they obtain the same results   Interpreting Social Science Research Results Census bureau 2000- figures showed that the proportion of US households consisting of  married-couple families w/children had, for the 1 st  time, dropped below 25% Number of unmarried heterosexual couples living together had risen from 3% of all  households in 1990 to 5% of all households in 2000 Theoretical Perspectives on Family Theory     : set of statements or propositions that seek to explain or predict a particular  aspect of social life Theory is a kind of model for how we believe the world works Theories help us interpret research “facts” by treating observations as examples of  general principles or processes Perspective Key Assumptions about Families Structural  Functionalism Families fulfill certain roles to keep society as a whole  functioning smoothly. Conflict perspective Inequality is an inherent part of families.  Some family members  benefit more than others from these arrangements. Feminist theory Inequality w/in families & society is structured along gender  lines.  Males benefit more from family practices than do females. Social exchange  theory Enduring family relationships & interactions are those that offer  the greatest rewards & have the fewest costs. Symbolic  interactionism Families are created through day-to-day interactions.  Communication is central to the creation & maintenance of  family bonds.   sociobiology Individual, couple, & family patterns are determined by biology.  
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Structural Functionalism - theoretical perspective that assumes that society is structured to  maintain its stability; families serve as an individual’s primary source of emotional & practical  training in society, a necessary institution for the survival of the larger society
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