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Running head: Benchmark - Models of AbnormalitiesBenchmark - Models of Abnormalities Aaron J CastanetoGrand Canyon University: PSY-4701-18-19 1
Benchmark - Models of AbnormalitiesBenchmark - Models of AbnormalitiesIntroductionScientists use different theories, or models, to understand and treat abnormal behavior. A model refers to a set of assumptions and concepts that help explain and interpret one’s observations. The six basic models of abnormality that are currently used to understand and treat mental disorders are the biological, psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral, humanistic-existential and sociocultural models, and the developmental psychopathology perspective. These are all ways in which researchers make an effort to study abnormal behavior, however, each model focuses on a certain aspect of human functioning and no single model can explain all aspects of abnormality (Comer, 2014). Because of this, scientists have put an emphasis on integrating multiple models to explain and treat specific disorders in best way possible.Biological ModelBiological theorists adopted the medical perspective, or the belief that abnormal behavioras an illness brought about by the malfunctioning parts of the organism. These malfunctioning parts typically point to problems with a person’s brain anatomy or brain chemistry. Some Clinicians have discovered connections between an individual’s brain anatomy and chemistry and certain psychological disorders (Comer, 2014). For example, the disorder known as Huntington’s disease is characterized by violent, emotional outburst, memory loss, suicidal thoughts, involuntary body movements, and absurd beliefs. This is said to be correlated to a loss of cells in the basal ganglia and cortex (Reiner, 2015). There are three main kinds of biological treatments that are used today. These include drug therapy, electroconvulsive therapy and psychosurgery. In the 1950s, Scientists discovered many effective psychotropic medications that could stabilize mood and thought processes. Electroconvulsive therapy is mainly used on 2
Benchmark - Models of Abnormalitiesseverely depressed people in order to stimulate certain areas of the brain. Psychosurgery is brain