Ethics Section 1 Outline

Ethics Section 1 Outline - Christopher Sloan PHL 206 Online...

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Christopher Sloan PHL 206 Online Doing Ethics: Section 1 Outline: Chapters 1-3 Chapter 1: Ethics and the Examined Life I. Understand the definitions of ethics and morality and appreciate the scope and relevance of ethical and moral concerns in our lives. A. Ethics, or moral philosophy, is the philosophical study of morality. Morality refers to beliefs concerning right or wrong, good and bad – beliefs that can include judgments, values, rules, principles, and theories. B. The scope and continued relevance of this query suggest something compelling about ethics: you cannot escape it. One cannot run away from all the choices, feelings, and actions that accompany ideas about right and wrong, good and bad —ideas that persist in their culture and mind. II. Identify the main areas of study in moral philosophy and distinguish them from the scientific study of moral beliefs and practices. A. Moral philosophy involves a distinctive set of elements that include the preeminence of reason, the universal perspective, the principle of impartiality, and the dominance of moral norms. B. The three main divisions of ethics proper are normative ethics (the study of moral norms that guide our actions and judgments), metaethics (the study of the meaning and logical structure of moral beliefs) and applied ethics (the application of moral norms to specific moral issues or cases). III. Determine the main features of the relationship between religion and morality and appreciate why both believers and nonbelievers can benefit from the study of ethics. A. Some people claim that morality depends on God, a view known as the divine command theory. Both theists and nontheists have raised doubts about this doctrine. B. Practicing ethics – using critical reasoning to examine the moral life – can be a useful and productive enterprise for believers and nonbelievers alike.
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Chapter Two: Subjectivism, Relativism, and Emotivism I. Define subjective relativism and be able to detail the reasons why many philosophers and other thinkers reject it. A. Subjective relativism is the view that an action is morally right if one approves of it. B. This view has troubling implications because it implies that each person is morally infallible and that individuals can never have a genuine moral disagreement. When, in fact, every person is morally fallible. Many individuals have had and will continue to have moral disagreements. II. Define cultural relativism and its philosophical implications. A. Cultural relativism views an action as morally right if one’s culture approves of it. B. The argument for this doctrine is the basis on the diversity of moral judgments
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Ethics Section 1 Outline - Christopher Sloan PHL 206 Online...

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