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Unformatted text preview: PRINCETON STUDIES IN INTERNATIONAL HISTORY AND POLITICS Series Editors Jack L. Snyder Marc Trachtenberg F aned Zakaria Recent Titles: After Victory: InstitutitmS, Strlltegic Restraint, Ilnd the Rebuilding of Order tifter Major Wan by G. John Ikenberry Stay the Hand of Vengeance: The Politics of War Crimes Tribunals by Gary Jonathan Bass War and Punishment: The Causes afWar Termination and the First World War by H. E. Goemans In the Shadow ofthe Garrison State: America's Anti-Statism and Its Cold War Grand Strategy by Aaron L. Friedberg States and Puwer in Africa: Comparative LesstmS in Authority and Control by Jeffrey Herbst The Moral Purpose of the StlIte: Culture, Social Identity, and Institutional RHti01lrJlity in InterntJti01lrJI RelatitmS by Christian Reus-Smit Entangling RelatitmS: American Foreign Policy in Its Century by David A. Lake A Constrzu:ted PeflCe: The Making ofthe European Settlement, 1945-1963 by Marc Trachtenberg Regional Orden at Century's DII'W1I: Global and Domestic Influences on Grand Strategy by Etel Solingen From Wealth to Puwer: The Unusual Origins of America's World Role by Fareed Zakaria Changing Course: Ideas, Politics, and the Soviet WithdrilWal from Afghanistan by Sarah E. Mendelson Disarming Strangen: Nuclear Diplomacy with North Knrell Leon V. Sigal Imllgining War; French and British Military Doctrine Between the Wan by Elizabeth Kier Roosevelt and the Munich Crisis: A Study of Political Decision-Milking by Barbara Rearden Farnham After Victory INSTITUTIONS, STRATEGIC RESTRAINT, AND THE REBUILDING OF ORDER AFTER MAJOR WARS G. John Ikenberry PRINCETON UNIVERSITY PRESS PRINCETON AND OXFORD 162 CHAPTER FIVE Wilson's actions also hinged on a basic assumption about an expected worldwide democratic revolution. When Wilson presented his Fourteen Points in January 1918, it looked as if the tide of European politics was moving in a liberal and social democratic direction. The revolution in Rus- sia seemed to confirm the democratic revolution that was sweeping the major industrial societies. The dramatic outpouring of genuine popular support that greeted Wilson in his triumphant visits to London, Paris, Rome, and Milan on the eve of the peace conference also reinforced this sense that a world democratic upsurge would empower his negotiating po- sition. Governments with center-left governments would emerge and sign on to Wilson's vision. But the high tide of revolutionary ferment was reached in early 1918, and the direction was decidedly conservative as the war came to an end. Wilson hitched his liberal peace program to the great forces ofwar and social change that he saw unfolding around him. Although these forces worked in his favor in 1918, they worked against him in 1919 and after....
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This note was uploaded on 11/29/2010 for the course IR 109 taught by Professor Heinz during the Spring '10 term at Rochester.
- Spring '10
- The American