Notes # 4 reading

Notes # 4 reading - Institutions, strategic restraint and...

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Institutions, strategic restraint and the rebuilding of order after major wars John Ikenberry 1. The settlement that followed the second world war Fragmented Most far-reaching 2. Two major settlements United States and the Soviet Union and their respective allies: formed cold war bipolarity. Western industrial countries and japan had new security, economic, and political institutions, almost all involving the United States. 3. Cold war events Reinforced western order, the two settlements nonetheless had distinct origins and logics. o The most militarized o The most institutionalized The resulting institutionalization of postwar was, dealing with issues of: Economic stabilization Trade Finance Monetary relations Political and security relations 4. The initial American postwar goal Lock the democracies into an open, multilateral economic order managed through new institutional mechanisms. American officials advanced order-building ideas: free trade, global institutions, Atlantic community, geopolitical openness, and European integration. Us security commitment to Europe: the Marshall plan, the Vandenberg resolution, the north Atlantic treaty, the integrated military command, and the stationing of ground troops within NATO The United States sought to reconcile the reconstruction and reintegration of western Germany with European security. The open character of American hegemony, the extensive reciprocity between the united states and its partners, the absence of hegemonic coercion, and binding institutional relations all provided elements of reassurance and legitimacy despite the huge asymmetries of power. 5. Two postwar settlements Peace and security were impossible in a world of closed and exclusive economic regions. The challengers to liberal multilateralism occupied almost every corner of the advanced industrial world. Germany and japan, of course, were the most overt and hostile challengers.
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Roosevelt and Churchill were intent on telling the world that they had learned the lessons of the interwar years-and those lessons were fundamentally about the proper organization of the western world economy. Economic openness is necessary to:
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Notes # 4 reading - Institutions, strategic restraint and...

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