Notes # 7 reading

Notes # 7 reading - Rationalist explanations for war James...

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Rationalist explanations for war James D. Fearon Wars cost, but still we have wars 1. people (and state leaders in particular) are sometimes or always irrational. 2. leaders who order war enjoy its benefits but do not pay the costs, which are suffered by soldiers and citizens 3. even rational leaders who consider the risks and costs of war may end up fighting nonetheless. war is costly and risky, so rational states should have incentives to locate negotiated settlements that all would prefer to the gamble of war. (1) anarchy (2) expected benefits greater than expected costs (3) rational preventive war (4) rational miscalculation due to lack of information (5) rational miscalculation or disagreement about relative power. Private information about relative capabilities or resolve and incentives to misrepresent such information. rationally led states may be unable to arrange a settlement that both would prefer to war due to commitmentproblems, situations in which mutually preferable bargains are unattainable because one or more states would have an incentive to renege on the terms I identify three such specific mechanisms, arguing in particular that preventive war between rational states stems from a commitment problem rather than from differential power growth per se. States might be unable to locate a peaceful
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Notes # 7 reading - Rationalist explanations for war James...

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