Presentation 4. Shared Meaning -- Self and Society OBrien. Berger and Luckman.pptx

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Shared Meaning, and Social PsychologyO’Brien, Berger and Luckmann
HAVING AN IDENTITY or A SELFHumans are active beings, forming relationships out of need, and actively intervening in their environment to survive and thrive – gather resources and form nurturing, protective, and strategic relationships.Our actions are visible to others. Sometimes our motives are too. Others think they know us because of what they can observe.We think we know ourselves too because of our actions.But our motives are complex and often not very clear, especially to ourselves. Achieving some measure of understanding why we act, make choices and decisions, with purposes and strategies in mind, is when it can be said that we have “a self.”
FROM A “SOCIAL BEING” to a SOCIAL SELFWe move from “being an actor” – operating under the influence of instinct or biological imperative or mysterious or unconscious forces, to acting as a SELF, through experiencing ourselves through others’ eyes.We acquire proficiency in “reading” our environments – physical and social – and begin to shape our actions in light of what we seek in the environment, how we perceive our opportunities and constraints, and how we anticipate or recall the responses of others to our assertions of ourselves.THROUGH OUR DEVELOPMENT (from childhood) IN DIFFERENT SOCIAL CONTEXTS we learn from the responses of others to our actions, and acquire REFLECTIVE INTELLIGENCE or self-awareness.We become a SELF – a being who “knows itself” – when we become aware of how we are seen and interpreted by others, and when we take their real or possible responses or expectations of us into account in our own thinking and acting.
KEY AGENTS IN DEVELOPING A SELFSIGNIFICANT OTHERSSOCIAL CONTEXTSINSTITUTITIONS WITH RULES and PROCEDURES DESIGNNED FOR STRATEGIC SOCIAL GOALSROLES we PLAYCOMMUNICATION -- AVAILABILITY OF LANGUAGE and SYMBOLIC SYSTEMS as the medium of

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