2 Absolutism in Central and Eastern Europe (compressed

2 Absolutism in Central and Eastern Europe (compressed -...

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Absolutism in Central and Eastern Europe
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Differences from the West • More powerful nobles – Serfdom was still quite strong – Eastern monarchs generally gave power to the nobility to gain their support • Fewer long-established states – Prussia and Austria were relatively “new” • Prussia, Russia, and Austria would outshine the old empires: The Ottoman Empire, the Holy Roman Empire, and Poland
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Example I: Poland • Lacked a central authority – Led to disaster for Poland • King John III (Sobieski) r. 1674-1696 – Helped stop the advance of the Turks • The “exploding diet” Liberum veto • Partitioned in the 18 th century
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Example II: The Austrian Hapsburgs
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Leopold I (r. 1658-1705) – Led the attack against the Turks at Vienna – Expanded east into Hungary – Established Austria as a major power
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Joseph I (r. 1705-1711)
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– Lost his Spanish allies – Gained the Spanish Netherlands and parts of Italy – No heir, no spare – The Pragmatic Sanction Charles VI (r. 1711-1740)
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– The War of Austrian Succession Maria Theresa (r. 1740-1780)
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Maria Theresa and her Family • Joseph II • Leopold II • Marie Antoinette
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Example III: The Prussian Hohenzollerns
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2 Absolutism in Central and Eastern Europe (compressed -...

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