Chapter 17 - Summary & Outline

Chapter 17 - Summary & Outline - CHAPTER 17 Absolutism...

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CHAPTER 17 Absolutism in Eastern Europe to 1740 LEARNING OBJECTIVES After reading and studying this chapter you should be able to: 1. explain why the basic structure of society in eastern Europe became different from that of western Europe in the early modern period. 2. describe how eastern absolutism worked and why it came about. 3. explain who ruled the absolutist states in Austria, Brandenburg - Prussia, and Russia - and how they maintained power. 4. discuss the significance of the Turkish invasion of eastern Europe and the world of peasants in eastern Europe. CHAPTER SUMMARY This chapter is the story of how and why royal absolutism developed with greater lasting strength in eastern Europe than in western Europe. In Russia, Prussia, and Austria monarchs became more powerful as the peasants were pushed back into serfdom. That is, peasants gradually lost the personal and economic freedoms they had built up over several hundred years during the Middle Ages. At the same time that eastern nobles gained greater social and economic control over the enserfed peasants, they lost political power to the rising absolute monarchs. Although there were some economic reasons for the re - emergence of serfdom in the east, it was essentially for political reasons that this strong authoritarian tradition emerged. As opposed to western Europe, it was the common people the peasants who were the great losers in the power struggle between nobility and monarchy. Absolutism in Russia, Austria, and Prussia emerged because of war, foreign invasion, and internal struggle. For example, the Austrian monarchs solved the problems arising from external conflicts and a multicultural state by building a strong, centralized military state. Prussian absolutism intended to check the power of the nobility was achieved by the Hohenzollern monarchs, while Russian absolutism was largely the outgrowth of the Mongol conquest and internal power struggles. Some of the absolute monarchs were enlightened reformers, but their good intentions were often thwarted by internal problems. However, if reform from above was not very effective, the absolute monarchs use of architecture and urban planning much of it in the baroque style to enhance their images was a noteworthy success. They created buildings and cities that reflected their growing power, and they hired baroque painters and musicians to glorify them and to fill their palaces with paintings and music. STUDY OUTLINE Use this outline to preview the chapter before you read a particular section in your textbook and then as a self - check to test your reading comprehension after you have read the chapter section. I. Lords and peasants in eastern Europe
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This note was uploaded on 11/29/2010 for the course AP EUROPEA 109 taught by Professor Graham during the Spring '10 term at UPB Colombia.

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Chapter 17 - Summary & Outline - CHAPTER 17 Absolutism...

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