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AP European History - AP European History As taught by Mr...

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AP European History As taught by Mr. Edmonds Background to the Renaissance 1300’s - The Plague and Catholic Schism end Middle Ages -Giotto begins perspective in art -Florence and other city-states gain power -Use of currency and banking begins in Italy -Hansiatic League begins trade across Europe -New towns begin forming as “Free Towns” -1453:Fall of the Eastern Roman Empire is an easy marker for the end of the Middle ages - The Printing Press:1456 -Johannes Gutenberg inventor Spread of knowledge Encouraged individual learning People began to question The Renaissance: Overview * Beginning of the Modern World 5 Major Developments of the Renaissance Thinking and questioning increases -Humanism and Individualism Development of Political Systems -Creation of Nation-States Artistic Methods drastically change -Michaelangelo, Leonardo Vinci, Raphael and Donatello Voyages of Discovery -New World Reformation of Religion -Protestants and Civil Wars *The Renaissance ends in 1527, with Sack of Rome: Charles V The Renaissance in Florence Florence is the beginning of the renaissance: Italy 1350-1575 -Money: banking, Medici Family -Geography -Great Individuals Leonardo da Vinci Michelangelo Cosmo Medici: Lorenzo Medici Savanarola: Machiavelli The Renaissance in Rome -Center of power -Medici’s move to Rome and so does their money -A world stage to work upon -A God to please -Great Individuals Raphael Donatello Julius II Pope Leo X Clement VII
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Leo XI Roman Renaissance Popes 1. Nicholas V: 1447-1455 -He began the rebuilding of Rome 2. Pius II: 1458-1464 -Stern and serious pope, did not fit in well w/ Renaissance 3. Paul II: 1464-1471 -Easy going and threw splendid pageants 4. Sixtus IV: 1471-1484 -Redesigned and rebuilt Rome, widened the streets, commissioned Sistine Chapel 5. Innocent VIII: 1484-1492 -Two illegitimate children, he chiefly had to deal with the threat from Naples 6. Alexander VI Rodrigo Borgia: 1492-1503 -Encouraged leaders of Florence to kill Savonarola -12 new cardinals for the brides -Total disregard for any spiritual importance of the papacy -Had at least three illegitimate children with two mistresses -Used the office to make money and help his son Cesar Borgia to gain power and influence
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