Chapter 16 Questions - Chapter 16 Questions: Name: Isabella...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 16 Questions: Name: Isabella Tobón Mark:_______/45 1. Why were the wars of Louis XIV ultimately unsuccessful? (5 Marks) From the beginning of Louis XIV reign, he aimed to continue Richeliue’s expansionist policy. Nevertheless, this had serious implications for the whole country. He kept France at war for 54 years which affected the country mainly economically. The increase number of the men in the army went from 25,000 to 250,000 from 1635 to 1659, which also represents the amount of expenses the government had to undertake over this period for the increase of men in the army. The wars which included the conquest of Flanders, conquest of Holland, conquest of Strasbourg and Lorraine, the wars between 1680s -1690s which brought him no territory, the war against William of Orange, King of England, and the war of Spanish Sucession; left the country with a great bankroupcy. LouisXIV Exceeded France’s resources, implemented an inequitable system of taxation, invested on a military revolution that cost too much, concentrated the weight of taxation on peasants and led to the increase of expenses from the crown’s money, as some of the silver in Versailles. Even more, he implemented the capitation tax as a wartime measure. Originally, the capitation was to be paid by every subject, the amount varying according to class In practice the capitation was merely an addition to the taille, the long-existing royal tax, falling predominantly on the nonprivileged classes of the French people, who paid the bulk of the taxes. Due to these, the expenses from the wars led to Peasants revolts in France 1690s, a general starvation because of the agricultural inflation and the bad livestocks those years, and to the increasing ratio of death rate over France. Hence, the war also led to an increasing number of families exempted from future taxation, which would affect the countries economy on the long-run. Therefore, the wars were ultimately unsuccessfull, because although it brought several territories to the French sovergnity, it caused poverty, discomfort and fall on the quality of life of the French. 2. Why was the 17 th century considered the ‘golden age’ of the Netherlands? (5 marks) In 1568 the Seven Provinces that signed the Union of Utrecht started a rebellion against Philip II of Spain which led to the Eighty Years' War . After this period a series of events and circumstances occurred. The mass immigration from Flanders and Brabant was an important driving force behind the Dutch Golden Age. In addition to the mass immigration, there were also significant entries of refugees who had previously fled from religious persecution. A necessary condition was the supply of cheap energy from windmills, easily transported to the cities. The invention enabled the construction of a massive fleet of ships for trading and for defense of the economic interests. During the later part of the 16th century the Dutch began to dominate world trade. In 1602 the Dutch East India Company
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 11/29/2010 for the course AP EUROPEA 109 taught by Professor Graham during the Spring '10 term at UPB Colombia.

Page1 / 9

Chapter 16 Questions - Chapter 16 Questions: Name: Isabella...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online