Chapter 20 Questions - Chapter 20 Questions: Name: Isabella...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 20 Questions: Name: Isabella Tobón Mark:_______/45 1. What was the impact of medical science on the health of the average person in the 18 th century? (5 Marks) Even though there was a rise to a great deal of research and experimentation and a rise in the number of medical practitioners, better human existence, laid far in the future. It is said that doctor treatments made everything worst. Treatments were considered harmful and very expensive so the common people used faith healers and folk medicine as their treatments. Nevertheless, physicians began studying anatomy seriously and improved their art. They learned to cauterized with fire, to amputated. The important impact comes with the hospitals since there was a hospital reform throughout Western Europe to improve ventilation and eliminate filth on the grounds that bad air caused disease. But the prolonged and expensive training of physicians was not available for the average person; most prosperous families were the only ones who could afford their treatments or their education. Neither urban workers nor peasants had contact with physicians. In the second half of the 18th century, medicine in general turned in a more practical and experimental direction. Creative quackery involving the recently discovered phenomenon of electricity promoted sleep on a cure-all Celestial Bed. But the greatest medical science advance that impacted people was the progressive decline of the bubonic plague, and the cure for small pox. Lady Mary Wortley Montagu brought Inoculation from the Ottoman Empire. Later Edward Jenner practiced Baconian science, collecting data on protection against smallpox by cowpox. He came up with the first vaccination on a young boy using matter taken from a milkmaid with cowpox. The new method of treatment spread rapidly. Smallpox soon declined to the point of disappearance. 2. Why was infant and child mortality so high in the 18 th century? (10 marks) Infant mortality was high because of several reasons: i. Since women of the Aristocracy and upper middle classes thought breast-feeding was crude and common, and undignified, they hired a wet nurse (a servant who breast-feeds babies). These nurses were often negligent and greedy and to have more jobs they will kill the baby. ii.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 3

Chapter 20 Questions - Chapter 20 Questions: Name: Isabella...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online