Notes on chapter 20 - 1 CHAPTER 20: THE CHANGING LIFE OF...

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CHAPTER 20: THE CHANGING LIFE OF THE PEOPLE A. Marriage and the Family: The basic unit of social organization is the family. 1. Extended and Nuclear Families: Extended family: Patriarch: Matriarch: Nuclear Family: Extended families characteristics: Provide security for adults and children in traditional agrarian peasant economies. Gave way to the conjugal or nuclear family with the advent of industrialization and urbanization EUROPE Once agrarian and pre-industrial Extended family prevailed in Europe before being destroyed by Industrial Revolution. The extended family was rare in Western and central Europe by 1700. MARRIAGE Couples married, established their households and lived apart from parents. In three-generation household came, the parent moved in with a married child People did not marry young in the 17th and early 18th centuries. * Late marriage and nuclear-family household was characteristic of European society. 16 th -18 th century: marriage normally joined a mature man and a mature woman who had already experienced a great deal of life and could transmit self-reliance and real skills Why was marriage delayed? Couples could not marry until they could support themselves economically The peasant son needed to wait until his father’s death to inherit The peasant daughter and her family needed to accumulate a small dowry Laws and community controls tempered impetuous love and physical attraction Couples needed the legal permission or tacit approval Officials believed freedom to marry meant landless paupers, abandoned kids, and money for welfare. 2. Work Away from Home: Boys: plowed and wove Girls: spun and tended the cows. Left their families to work, at an early age 1 1
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Young man: drift from one tough job to another: hired hand for a small farmer, wage laborer on a new road, carrier of water in a nearby town. He was always subject to economic fluctuations, and unemployment was a constant threat. NO LAWS TO LIMIT EXPLOITATION Varka : Russian servant girl in Anton Chekhov’s chilling story “Sleepy” – who, driven beyond exhaustion finally quieted her mistress’s screaming child by strangling it in its cradle. But court records are full of complaints by servant girls of physical mistreatment by their mistresses. Conditions for Working Girls Pressure of seducers and sexual attack. Easy prey of a lecherous master or his sons or friends. If the girl became pregnant, she was quickly fired and thrown out in disgrace Prostitution and petty thievery were the harsh consequences of unwanted pregnancy. 3. Pre-marital Sex and Community Controls: English parish registers listed more than one bastard out of every 20 children baptized. Illegitimate babies were rare
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This note was uploaded on 11/29/2010 for the course AP EUROPEA 109 taught by Professor Graham during the Spring '10 term at UPB Colombia.

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Notes on chapter 20 - 1 CHAPTER 20: THE CHANGING LIFE OF...

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