to what extent and in what ways did women participate in the Renaissance?
Women participated in the Renaissance socially by maintaining the household, politically by
marrying kings and having heirs; occasionally ruling nation states, and religiously by serving God.
S- Mother's and housewives were the expected role, lower status than men
P- no political power but Catherine Medici, Isabello of Spain, Elizabeth, Isabella Este, Mary I were
R- Nuns, Popes had mistresses
I- Mary I; witches – woemn are accused in large numbers beginning in 1540s
E- Marriage deals, maintained household, allowed to work at times; midwives, nurses,
How were the Political Authorities influnced by the Protestant Reformation
Political authorities influenced the course of the protestant Reformation politically by increasing the
power in kings and their efforts to protect or punish reformers religiously as different rules took sides
and chase religions for their countries, and economically by the rules coming to power as rulers of
the country and the Church, where money from both goes to the government.
Political figures during the sixteenth century influenced the course of the protestant
revolution by controlling the power of the Church in their land—either to better it or not—
having rule of their land—in which they make the laws—the signing of religious
agreements/contacts and having the force to reinforce their religious, political power.
S- poor peasants were frustrated with high political taxes and then the Catholic Church taxes
citizens with indulgences
P- Fredrick of Saxony protects Martin Luther. The confession of Augsburg & the start of
Lutheranismis supported by some of the German Princes; Kings grow in power, popes decrease,
R- weakening Catholic Church built power of political leaders; Lutheranism, Catholicism, Calvinism,
Ana-Baptists, Angelicans all have some political support although the ana-Baptists don't have much
I- idea that political leaders can challenge the Pope, nation states grow in legitimacy
T- The printing press by Gutenberg
Political authorities influenced the course of the Protestant reformation by either trying to help
Martin Luther or prevent him from spreading Catholicism. Politically, Fredrick of Saxony protected
Martin Luther by holding him in his house until it was safe for him to be released, Socially, poor
peasants were frustrated with high taxes and religiously because the weakening catholic church
built the power of political leaders.
E: Everywhere Protestantism wins the king and nobles get richer because they don't send taxes out
of the country to Rome anymore. In England especially, Henry VIII confiscated the monastaries and
gave the land and money to the nobility of England. This made the nobles wealthy and more loyal to