Serfdom increased - Serfdom increased, Protestantism was...

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Serfdom increased, Protestantism was wiped out, and absolutism was achieved. A. Austria and the Ottoman Turks 1. After the Thirty Years’ War, the Austrian Habsburgs turned inward and eastward to unify their holdings. a. The Habsburgs replaced the Bohemian Czech (Protestant) nobility with their own warriors. b. Serfdom increased, Protestantism was wiped out, and absolutism was achieved. c. Ferdinand III created a standing army, centralized the government in Austria, and turned toward Hungary for land. 2. This eastward turn led Austria to became absorbed in a war against the Turks over Hungary and Transylvania. 3. Under Suleiman the Magnificent the Ottoman Turks built the most powerful empire in the world, which included part of central Europe. a. The Turkish sultan was the absolute head of the state. b. There was little private property, and a bureaucracy staffed by slaves. 4. The Ottoman attack on Austria in 1683 was turned back, and the Habsburgs conquered all of Hungary and Transylvania by 1699. a. The defeat of the Ottomans had support from Protestant nobles in Hungary and Louis XIV of France. 5. The Habsburg possessions consisted of Austria, Bohemia, and Hungary, which were joined in a fragile union. a. The Pragmatic Sanction (1713) stated that the possessions should never be divided. b. The Hungarian nobility thwarted the full development of Habsburg absolutism, and
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Serfdom increased - Serfdom increased, Protestantism was...

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