SPRITE Religious Wars
Spanish Civil and Religious wars:
- Dutch hate Spanish because the
Spanish are Catholic and the Dutch are largely
Puritans, The Dutch also want to be a nation state and increase their political
power and economic wealth. When
Philip reduced power of dutch nobles they had
enough and began to fight.
is when Spanish troops sacked Antwerp – infuriated the Dutch,
netherlands war for independance,
Rome sacked by Charles I,
spanish armada against
England, Philip II marries Mary I of england,
inquisition used in low countries.
end, theNetherlands (led by William of Orange) became a free country and Spanish
Beligium (southern low countries) remained Catholic and connected to Spain.
Philip II tries to spread catholocism
, calvinism common in middle class in
Netherlands, union of Utrecht creates calvinist union between nothern low countries
peter breughel paints spanish fury
using propaganda, killing without
justification, unions and leagues created to
balance of power
. Lots of great art from
bigger and more powerful boats used in Spanish armada were defeated
by small and fast English ships (and a hurricane)
debt from wars, dutch commercial supremacy begins when they are free
, Spain begins its long slide toward poverty,
colonies in south and central
america create imperialism for Spain that runs out when the colonies can't produce as
much gold and silver as before and when Philip II spent so much money on wars.
Inflation was high in spain since they had so much money in supply.
Constitutionalism - Dutch Domination
S Society becomes a productive place because the economy is good and because the
people are hardworking Calvinists, new commodities and spices are introduced to to
Europe, people are treated more equal and kindly, and women receive few more
rights. Socially, this domination improved the society because of their free time to
expand their growth. Money and earned political position determined social status;
Universities and schools much more available to a mixture of social classes
P The Dutch show Europe that a decentralized constitutional government is very
effective in having a good economy and being well dominant, The Dutch political
government is stable and effective because of the prosperous times, the government
benefits from colonies in the new world which furthers their power Politically, the
Dutch got the “power of goods” which enabled them to control trade during the early
R Religious tolerance in Dutch nation, Catholics still unliked.
.. but treated somewhat
equally. Dutch prove that Calvinism is a good religion and that it is effective, Calvinist
ideas are spread throughout Europe because of increased trade with the Dutch