TERMS 15-1 - CONCEPT TERMS 1 Constantinople 2 Orient TheOrient is a term which means"the East It is a traditional designation for anything

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CONCEPT TERMS: 1. Constantinople 2. Orient: The Orient is a term which means "the East". It is a traditional designation for anything belonging to the Orient or Far East . In English it is a metonym describing Eastern Asia . 3. Islamic 4. Netherlands 5. Thirty Year’s War: A brutal, destructive conflict in Germany between 1618 and 1648. The Thirty Years’ War began when Bohemian Protestants revolted out of a refusal to be ruled by a Catholic king. The battle would eventually spread throughout Germany and involve many other countries on both sides, resulting in the death of nearly a third of the German population and unfathomable destruction. Enlightenment thinkers such as John Comenius and Hugo Grotius reacted against the war with treatises about education, international relations, and the nature of war itself. 6. Holy Roman Emperor 7. Protestant 8. Spanish Armada: (1588) Spain built a huge fleet to attack England. Although the English were outnumbered, their ships were faster. The Armada was defeated by British ending Spanish power. Spain would still maintain colonies, but could not dominate the New World. Now other nations would begin establishing colonies 9. Philip II: Philip II was King of Spain (kingdoms of Castile and Aragon ) and Portugal , Naples , Sicily , and, during his wife Mary Tudor 's reign, King of England and Ireland . [1] [2] He was lord of the Seventeen Provinces from 1556 until 1581, holding various titles for the individual territories, such as Duke or Count . 10. He ruled one of the world's largest empires which included territories in every continent then known to Europeans. 11. Philip was born in Valladolid , the son of Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire (who also reigned as Charles I of Spain ) and his consort Isabella of Portugal . During his reign, Spain was the foremost Western European power. Under his rule, Spain reached the height of its influence and power, directing explorations all around the world and settling the colonization of territories in all the known continents. 12. Corregidores- Portuguese officers who governed their colonies
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This note was uploaded on 11/29/2010 for the course AP EUROPEA 109 taught by Professor Graham during the Spring '10 term at UPB Colombia.

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TERMS 15-1 - CONCEPT TERMS 1 Constantinople 2 Orient TheOrient is a term which means"the East It is a traditional designation for anything

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