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Vocabulary Terms for Chapter 15

Vocabulary Terms for Chapter 15 - Vocabulary Terms for...

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Vocabulary Terms for Chapter 15 1. Orient: "the East". It is a traditional designation for anything belonging to the Orient or Far East. In English it idescribes Eastern Asia. 2. Thirty Year’s War: A brutal, destructive conflict in Germany between 1618 and 1648 that began when Bohemian Protestants revolted out of a refusal to be ruled by a Catholic king. The battle would eventually spread throughout Germany and involve many other countries on both sides, resulting in the death of nearly a third of the German population. 3. Spanish Armada: (1588) Spain built a huge fleet to attack England. Although the English were outnumbered, their ships were faster. The Armada was defeated by British ending Spanish power. Spain would still maintain colonies, but could not dominate the New World. 4. Philip II: Philip II was King of Spain and Portugal, Naples, Sicily, and, during his wife Mary Tudor's reign, King of England and Ireland. He ruled one of the world's largest empires which included territories in every continent then known to Europeans. Philip was the son of Charles V and Isabella of Portugal. During his reign, Spain was the foremost Western European power. Under his rule, Spain reached the height of its influence and power, directing explorations all around the world and settling the colonization of territories in all the known continents. 5. Cortez: He landed on the Eastern coast of Mexico in 1519 with an army of 500 men. He heard about the might Aztec Empire & wanted to conquer it. Cortez hold Montezuma hostage for more than 6 months. Finally Montezuma kicks Cortez out of the city but by 1521 Cortez with his army, & the help of another native tribe attack defeated the Aztec Empire 6. Pizarro:. Pizarro led 180 men 37 horses over the mountains from Panama to Peru. Pizarro forces the Inca leader Atahualpa to fill a room with gold & silver. Once the room was filled, he forced Atahualpa to convert to Christianity & then had him strangled to death and his body burned. Pizarro destroys the Inca Empire (1535) 7. Treaty of Cateau-Cambresis :The treatly that stoped the Haburg Valois war. It created a moment of peace. It ended in 1559. Marked the begging of internal French conflict and the shift of the Eurpean balence of power away from France to Spain. 8. Hapsburgs: A dynasty that although originally Swiss ruled Austria from 1282 to 1918 and nearly monopolised the Holy Roman throne for the late medieval era/early modern era; a branch of the family also ruled the Spanish empire. 9. Lollards: member of a sect of religious reformers in England who were followers of John Wycliffe in the 14th and 15th centuries. 10. Henry II (France): French king that left France in dept beacue of his overspending, tried to sell offices for money but in the long run xempted more people from taxes, then made the Concordent of Bologna that stated the the Churh would give money to him if he recoginzed that they were very powerful.
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