CCJS352 Study Guide Test 1

CCJS352 Study Guide Test 1 - CCJS352 Study Guide Test 1...

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CCJS352 Study Guide Test 1 Chapter 1 In discussing a drug use issue, you must consider who is using the drug, what drug is being used, when and where the drug use is occurring, why the person is using the drug, how the person is taking the drug, and how much the drug is being used. Three types of drug users: experimenters, compulsive users, floaters or “chippers” Psychoactive Drugs o those compounds that alter consciousness and affect mood o Four Principles: Drugs are neither good or bad-The intent of drugs is for medical use (good). When they are abused, they are considered bad. Every drug has multiple effects- all psychoactive drugs act on more than one place in the brain, so we might expect them to produce complex psychological effects. They also effect the rest f the body. Effects depend on amount taken- at different dose levels, there is a change in the kind of effect Effect of drug depends on the taker’s history, frame of mind and expectation Important Definitions o These are difficult to define because they are so widely used for many different purposes o Drug- any substance, natural or artificial, other than food, that by its chemical nature alters the structure of function in the living organism o Illicit Drug- Any drug that is unlawful to possess or use o Deviant Drug Use- drug use that is not common within a social group and that is disapproved of by the majority, causing members of the group to take corrective action when it occurs. o Drug Misuse- the use of prescribed drugs in greater amounts than, or for purposes other than, those prescribed by a physician or dentist. Using a drug in a way that was not intended by the manufacturer. Examples- taking more drugs than prescribed, using OTC or psychoactive drugs in excess w.o medical supervision, missing drugs with alcohol or other types of drugs, using old medicines to self treat new symptoms of an illness, discontinuing prescribed drugs at will and/ or against physicians orders, administering prescribed drugs to a family member without medical consultation and supervision o Abuse- the use of a substance in a manner, amounts, or situations such that the drug use causes problems or greatly increases the chances of problems occurring and can lead to repetitive use. The problems may be social, occupational, psychological, or physical. o Addiction- a controversial term that is imprecise
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o Dependence- a state in which the individual uses the drug so frequently and consistently that it appears that it would be difficult for the person to get along without using the drug o Psychopharmacology- study of the behavioral effects of drugs Trends in Drug Use o Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug. Drug use among high school seniors has been slowly declining over the past 10 years.
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