some notes test 2 - Paleoindian period o 12,000 10,000 BC o...

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Paleoindian period o 12,000 – 10,000 BC o Took 2,000 years to get there- first people to the Americas o Cool climate; big animals Archaic period o 10,000 – 1,000 BC o Climate got warmer. Glaciers melted and sea level rose- the Susquehannah and the bay got filled in o More productive land- more people o Shell middens: dumps of shell remains that show that people ate them Woodland period o 1,000 BC – 1,600 AD o First Indians. Made pottery and developed fish weirs- catch a lot of fish by putting net over narrow part of river o 1,000-2,000 person villages; 100,000 Indians in the bay o Resources became exhausted (overharvesting) and they had to move to a new area Powhattan Confederacy o 1607 o Largest confederacy. 30 tribes; 13,000 Indians o Retreated in response to European pressure Piscaway Confederacy o In our area of Maryland Nanticoke confederacy All confederacies had become farmers by the time Smith arrives. They built longhouses and canoes. Formed authorities: chiefs Spanish
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o First Europeans. Left in 1572
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