EDHD425 final exam

EDHD425 final exam - Danielle Stein Dr Hurley May 8 2010...

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Danielle Stein May 8, 2010 Dr. Hurley EDHD 425 Final Exam 1. A teacher comments to a parent that her preschooler has strong pragmatic language skills. What does this mean and what linguistically can the child do? Pragmatic language skill is the communicative competency with which a person uses lan- guage, or the appropriateness of responses a person makes based on the interaction of the lan- guage used and the social setting (Hurley, 2010 classnotes). Pragmatic skill is important because even if someone has mastered the rules of the language itself, they may still have a communica- tion problem if they cannot understand the social implications of speaking. Pragmatic skill in- volves three major components of communication: using language for different purposes, chan- ging language according to the needs of a situation, and following the rules for conversations (American Speech-Language-Hearing Association). If a preschool boy has strong pragmatic lan- guage skills, he may be able to do a variety if things while carrying out a conversation. One thing that might be noticed in a conversation with this boy is that he could stay on the topic of conversation. He could probably provide enough relevant information to keep the conversation flowing, and all the information he supplied would be truthful. In conversation, the boy could describe events to someone who did not experience them. The child would also prob- ably be good at asking questions and making requests or giving orders based on his needs and desires, and he would likely be able to change the wording of a request if he was not understood. Similarly, he could understand the indirect requests made by someone else. Another thing that a boy with good pragmatic skill is able to do is maintain an appropriate tone and volume of voice when speaking. This is important in a conversation because tone and volume can portray a lot about what is being said even if only a few words are used.
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Danielle Stein May 8, 2010 Dr. Hurley EDHD 425 Though the child exhibited good pragmatic skill, there might be a few things he could not do yet due to the fact that he is still quite young. For instance, he might still have trouble with deictic terms, like using a pronoun to discuss a broader topic without naming it. Also, conversa- tionally, he might still have trouble with turn taking and knowing when he should speak versus when he should remain quiet. He may also have issues establishing the topic of conversation. Nonverbal cues, like eye contact, distance from conversational partner, and facial expressions also might still be developing (American Speech-Language-Hearing Association). Developing pragmatic skill is an extremely important part of learning and using lan- guage. Much of this skill can be learned in preschool, and it is a great accomplishment when a child of this age has developed strong skills in this area. Hurley, 2010, EDHD425 section 0301.
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This note was uploaded on 12/01/2010 for the course EDHD 425 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Maryland.

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EDHD425 final exam - Danielle Stein Dr Hurley May 8 2010...

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