test2 - “For the Union Dead” Robert Lowell •...

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Unformatted text preview: “For the Union Dead” - Robert Lowell • Confessional poet: writing at the moment of a personal crisis • Extremely autobiographical • Alludes to: Revolutionary War, the Civil War, World War II, Hiroshima, rock of ages. Celebrates the fallen soldiers of the civil war • Background information • 1963- assassinations of Medgar Evars and JFK • 1968- assassinations of MLK and Robert Kennedy. Chicago convention • “free verse” quatrain - 4 line stanzas • Set in Boston before they have desegregated • Motif: theme or dominant idea • War • Leitmotif: image, idea, sub-theme • Fish and reptile • Bubbles • Ditch: emptiness • Dryness • Thin • Hybrid verse: variable line length/ stable stanza length • Emphasis on internal music • Gem of Egypt - oxymoron • Continuity of war • Wants you to feel uncomfortable • “the old south boston aquarium stands in a sahara of snow now.” - oxymoron. Asson- ance and consonance • “once my nose crawled like a snail on the glass; my hand tingled to burst the bubbles drifting from the noses of the cowed, compliant fish.” “Daddy” - Sylvia Plath • Confessional poet: writing at the moment of a personal crisis • New England • Ode • 5 line stanzas, variable line length • Reminiscent of a nursery rhyme • Archetype of father • Plath died at 30 (suicide) - put her head in an oven • References to Jews and Nazis • Dominant rhyme word is “you” • Major analogy: comparing father to a nazi • Al Alvarez- responsible for publishing Plath’s work • Ted Hughes- her husband. Tormented her but was her muse • One interpretation of the poem is that her father was authoritarian but a decent man and Plath created the image of him as a nazi “The Colossus” - Sylvia Plath...
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test2 - “For the Union Dead” Robert Lowell •...

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