exam1 - The building blocks of relationships What is a...

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The building blocks of relationships What is a relationship? An interaction No distinct definition Intimate and close are synonymous The need to belong: a powerful drive to establish intimate connections to others. There’s a small number of people we need to be close to. Not fulfilling this need for a long period of time may result in poor physical and mental health Six components of intimacy: Knowledge Caring Interdependence Mutuality Trust Commitment Interdependence: you have an enduring influence on one another; rely on each other Mutuality: intimate partners think of themselves as a couple instead of as two en- tirely separate individuals Culture: religion, groups, time Cultural norms change The sex ratio (#of men / # of women) changes. More men to women- people are more sexually conservative. More women to men- people are more sexually permissive Fewer people are marrying than ever before and people are waiting longer to marry (women 26, men 27) Cohabitation before marriage seems to make a future divorce more likely Experience/ attachment styles: you learned to interact with people by interacting with your mother Secure: trusting and relaxed (60% of people in romantic relationships) Anxious/ambivalent: nervous and clingy Avoidant: suspicious and withdrawn Individual differences are the result of sex differences (biological) + gender dif- ferences (cultural) Gender roles Masculine traits: “instrumental” Feminine traits: “expressive” Many of us (about of people) are both instrumental and expressive- these people are androgynous Sociometer theory: self-esteem may be a gauge that measures the quality of our relationships with others- when others like us, we like ourselves The influence of human nature
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Parental investment: men and women differ enormously in the minimum time and effort they have to invest in each child they produce, so it’s adaptive for women to be more careful in choosing their mate Paternal uncertainty: men may face doubts about whether or not a particular child is theirs, so men are vigilant toward the threat of marital infidelity The influence of interaction Relationships emerge from the combination of the parners’ experiences and tal- ents, and are often much more than the sum of those parts. Two people may cre- ate a relationship that only faintly resembles their relationships with other people Research methods Love is a construct and hard to measure Validity: does the measure measure what it claims to? Reliability: if the construct doesn’t change, does the measure get the same score every time? Example: crickets chirp more in higher temperatures.
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exam1 - The building blocks of relationships What is a...

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