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Unformatted text preview: The building blocks of relationships • What is a relationship? • An interaction • No distinct definition • Intimate and close are synonymous • The need to belong: a powerful drive to establish intimate connections to others. There’s a small number of people we need to be close to. Not fulfilling this need for a long period of time may result in poor physical and mental health • Six components of intimacy: • Knowledge • Caring • Interdependence • Mutuality • Trust • Commitment • Interdependence: you have an enduring influence on one another; rely on each other • Mutuality: intimate partners think of themselves as a couple instead of as two entirely separate individuals • Cultural norms change • The sex ratio (#of men / # of women) changes. More men to women- people are more sexually conservative. More women to men- people are more sexually permissive • Fewer people are marrying than ever before and people are waiting longer to marry (wo- men 26, men 27) • Cohabitation before marriage seems to make a future divorce more likely • Attachment styles: you learned to interact with people by interacting with your mother • Secure: trusting and relaxed (60% of people in romantic relationships) • Anxious/ambivalent: nervous and clingy • Avoidant: suspicious and withdrawn • Individual differences are the result of sex differences (biological) + gender differences (cultural) • Gender roles • Masculine traits: “instrumental” • Feminine traits: “expressive” • Many of us (about of people) are both instrumental and expressive- these people are an ⅓- drogynous • Sociometer theory: self-esteem may be a gauge that measures the quality of our relation- ships with others- when others like us, we like ourselves • Influence of human nature • Parental investment: men and women differ enormously in the minimum time and effort they have to invest in each child they produce, so it’s adaptive for women to be more care- ful in choosing their mate • Paternal uncertainty: men may face doubts about whether or not a particular child is theirs, so men are vigilant toward the threat of marital infidelity • Influence of interaction • Relationships emerge from the combination of the partners’ experiences and talents, and are often much more than the sum of those parts. Two people may create a relationship that only faintly resembles their relationships with other people Research methods • Love is a construct and hard to measure • Validity: does the measure measure what it claims to? • Reliability: if the construct doesn’t change, does the measure get the same score every time? • Example: crickets chirp more in higher temperatures....
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This note was uploaded on 12/01/2010 for the course PSYC 341 taught by Professor Cap during the Fall '08 term at Maryland.
- Fall '08