final - The building blocks of relationships What is a...

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The building blocks of relationships What is a relationship? An interaction No distinct definition Intimate and close are synonymous The need to belong: a powerful drive to establish intimate connections to others. There’s a small number of people we need to be close to. Not fulfilling this need for a long period of time may result in poor physical and mental health Six components of intimacy: Knowledge Caring Interdependence Mutuality Trust Commitment Interdependence: you have an enduring influence on one another; rely on each other Mutuality: intimate partners think of themselves as a couple instead of as two entirely separate individuals Cultural norms change The sex ratio (#of men / # of women) changes. More men to women- people are more sexually conservative. More women to men- people are more sexually permissive Fewer people are marrying than ever before and people are waiting longer to marry (wo- men 26, men 27) Cohabitation before marriage seems to make a future divorce more likely Attachment styles: you learned to interact with people by interacting with your mother Secure: trusting and relaxed (60% of people in romantic relationships) Anxious/ambivalent: nervous and clingy Avoidant: suspicious and withdrawn Individual differences are the result of sex differences (biological) + gender differences (cultural) Gender roles Masculine traits: “instrumental” Feminine traits: “expressive” Many of us (about of people) are both instrumental and expressive- these people are an - drogynous Sociometer theory: self-esteem may be a gauge that measures the quality of our relation- ships with others- when others like us, we like ourselves Influence of human nature Parental investment: men and women differ enormously in the minimum time and effort they have to invest in each child they produce, so it’s adaptive for women to be more care- ful in choosing their mate Paternal uncertainty: men may face doubts about whether or not a particular child is theirs, so men are vigilant toward the threat of marital infidelity Influence of interaction
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Relationships emerge from the combination of the partners’ experiences and talents, and are often much more than the sum of those parts. Two people may create a relationship that only faintly resembles their relationships with other people Research methods Love is a construct and hard to measure Validity: does the measure measure what it claims to? Reliability: if the construct doesn’t change, does the measure get the same score every time? Example: crickets chirp more in higher temperatures. Cricket chirping is a valid measure of temperature, but it is not reliable Operationalization: the real, concrete way you’re measuring something less concrete Conceptual level is a less concrete level like heat or temperature The influence of individual differences- sex differences Overlapping curves
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