midterm - 54 divisions of the APA. Founded in 1892 Society...

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54 divisions of the APA. Founded in 1892 Society for I/O psychology is division 14 American Psychological Society (APS) I/O psychology: “Application or extension of psychological facts and principles to the problems concerning human beings operating within the context of business and in- dustry” History Early years (1900-1916): founding figures + Bryan Four founding figures of I/O: Walter Dill Scott, Frederick W. Taylor (scientific management; how you can be most efficient), Lillian Mohler Gilbreth, Hugo Münsterberg WWI (1917-1918): Yerkes, Army Alpha, Army Beta, JAP Between the wars (1919-1940): Psychological Corp., Cattell, Hawthorne stud- ies (Mayo), Hawthorne effect Cattell developed first mental test Hawthorne studies: wondered what kind of changes would affect output- specifically wanted to know what effect fatigue and monotony had on job productivity and how to control them through variables like breaks, work hours, and temp and humidity. Through this he stumbled on the hawthorne effect Workers were interviewed in attempt to validate the Hawthorne Studies. The participants were asked about supervisory practices and employee morale. The results proved that upward communication in an organization creates a positive attitude in the work environment. The workers feel pleased that their ideas are being heard Hawthorne effect: subjects improve or modify an aspect of their behavior being experimentally measured simply in response to the fact that they are being studied WWII (1941-1945): AGCT, situational stress tests, selecting and training pilots Toward specialization (1946-1963): I/O college programs, engineering psych, Mayo, human relations and movement Government intervention (1964-1993): Title VII- Civil Rights Act, ADA, CRA of 1991, FMLA, Project A, ASVAB The information age (1994-present): impact of change, e-business, chief in- formation officer, I/O psychology and 9/11 Two sides of I/O psych Academic Professional Four main work areas of I/O psych Academia Consulting Business Government Industrial side of I/O
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Recruitment Selection Classification Compensation Performance appraisal Training Organizational side of I/O Socialization Motivation Occupational stress Leadership Group performance Organizational development Fields of I/O psych Selection and placement: picking the right candidate for the right position Training and development Performance appraisal Organizational development: making the organization more efficient and effect- ive Quality of work life: work life balance, life outside of work Ergonomics: equipment that the workers use, the physical environment Mandate of I/O psychology: to increase the fit between workforce and workplace during rapid change and help the workforce balance work and family issues The scientist-practitioner model: which came first- science or practice? Interactive re-
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midterm - 54 divisions of the APA. Founded in 1892 Society...

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