test1 - Abnormality • No clear line exists for defining...

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Unformatted text preview: Abnormality • No clear line exists for defining abnormality • Psychopathology: people who suffer mental, emiotional, and often phsycial pain as a result of some form of psychological or mental disorder • Cultural relativism: there are no universal standards or rules for labeling a behavior as abnormal • What’s viewed as normal or abnormal is dependent on the culture and the time • Usualness: a standard that has been used for designating behaviors as abnormal - if it is “unusual” or rare • Many criteria exist to determine abnormality, and we often need more than one criteria to determine if someone is healthy • Abnormal behavior departs from some norm and is detrimental to the individual or oth- ers • Discomfort criterion: proponents say behavior should be defined as abnormal only if the individual suffers discomfort and wishes to be rid of the behaviors • Mental illness: another way of defining behavior as abnormal- if it results from mental illness. Clear, identifiable physical process that differs from “health” and that leads to specific behaviors or symptoms • Criteria for abnormality- “4 Ds”- behaviors that are maladaptive • Deviance from some accepted norm/ standard • Distress: unhappy, eating away inside • Dysfunction: the inability to appropriately function in society • Danger to self or others unconsciously • Culture and gender can affect maladaptive behavior • They influence how likely it is that a maladaptive behavior will be shown • They influence the ways people express distress or lose touch with reality • They influence the types of treatments people will accept • They influence people’s willingness to admit to maladaptive behaviors. • 3 main vantage points (Strupp and Hadley’s theory) - must take into account who is making the decision • The individual • Society • The mental health practitioner • Demonology: Thought demons caused abnormalities from headaches to terrible prob- lems. Before middle ages • Treatments ranged from exorcisms, trephination (drilling into the skull), beheading, and putting people in hot water • Ancient chinese culture believed that the yin (negative force) and yang (positive force) had to be equal or an individual would be abnormal • Egypt, Greece and Rome had more medical/ biological perspectives on abnormality • Middle ages: believed witchcraft was the source of abnormality. Witch hunts ensued • Psychic epidemics: phenomenon in which large numbers of people begin to en- gage in unusual behaviors that appear to have psychological origin • Over the centuries, concepts of abnormality have been determined by several things but mostly it has been a product of prejudice • Biological theories: see abnormal behavior as similar to physical diseases, caused by the breakdown of body systems • Supernatural theories: see abnormal behavior as a result of divine intervention, curses, demonic possession, or personal sin....
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test1 - Abnormality • No clear line exists for defining...

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