test1 - Abnormality No clear line exists for defining...

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Abnormality No clear line exists for defining abnormality Psychopathology: people who suffer mental, emiotional, and often phsycial pain as a result of some form of psychological or mental disorder Cultural relativism: there are no universal standards or rules for labeling a behavior as abnormal What’s viewed as normal or abnormal is dependent on the culture and the time Usualness: a standard that has been used for designating behaviors as abnormal - if it is “unusual” or rare Many criteria exist to determine abnormality, and we often need more than one criteria to determine if someone is healthy Abnormal behavior departs from some norm and is detrimental to the individual or oth- ers Discomfort criterion: proponents say behavior should be defined as abnormal only if the individual suffers discomfort and wishes to be rid of the behaviors Mental illness: another way of defining behavior as abnormal- if it results from mental illness. Clear, identifiable physical process that differs from “health” and that leads to specific behaviors or symptoms Criteria for abnormality- “4 Ds”- behaviors that are maladaptive Deviance from some accepted norm/ standard Distress: unhappy, eating away inside Dysfunction: the inability to appropriately function in society Danger to self or others unconsciously Culture and gender can affect maladaptive behavior They influence how likely it is that a maladaptive behavior will be shown They influence the ways people express distress or lose touch with reality They influence the types of treatments people will accept They influence people’s willingness to admit to maladaptive behaviors. 3 main vantage points (Strupp and Hadley’s theory) - must take into account who is making the decision The individual Society The mental health practitioner Demonology: Thought demons caused abnormalities from headaches to terrible prob- lems. Before middle ages Treatments ranged from exorcisms, trephination (drilling into the skull), beheading, and putting people in hot water Ancient chinese culture believed that the yin (negative force) and yang (positive force) had to be equal or an individual would be abnormal Egypt, Greece and Rome had more medical/ biological perspectives on abnormality Middle ages: believed witchcraft was the source of abnormality. Witch hunts ensued Psychic epidemics: phenomenon in which large numbers of people begin to en- gage in unusual behaviors that appear to have psychological origin
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Over the centuries, concepts of abnormality have been determined by several things but mostly it has been a product of prejudice Biological theories: see abnormal behavior as similar to physical diseases, caused by the breakdown of body systems Supernatural theories: see abnormal behavior as a result of divine intervention, curses, demonic possession, or personal sin.
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