COMMmidtermreview - COMMMIDTERM 3 Levels of Communication 1...

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COMM MIDTERM Chapter 1- The Human Communication Process 3 Levels of Communication 1. interpersonal = communicating with others 2. intrapersonal = communicating with self 3. public = speaker sending message to audience Characteristics of Communication - dynamic, continuous, irreversible, interactive, contextual Components of Communication - source = encodes message / originator of message - message = communication - receiver = recipient of message - channel = how ideas are sent (verbally, through television) - feedback = response to message Noise = interference in communication - environmental = outside factor - physiological = physical problem ex. Deaf - semantic = different word meanings - syntactical = different grammars - organizational = out of order ideas - psychological = “can’t think straight” * deal with noise by asking questions, changing terms, clarifying 3 Models of Communication - linear = person a to person b , no feedback - interactional = person a to person b, polite feedback - transactional = simultaneous communication, both people encoders and decoders ex. Someone walks away while other is talking Chapter 2 – Verbal Communication Cybernetic Process - store image as “orange” in our heads, see object, search through our stored visuals, recall when symbol found, say it aloud Language- Explosion Theory - build communication skills from the core of language developed early in life Significant – Other Theory - communication is self built by those who react to and comment on our language, ideas, beliefs, mannerisms Denotative = direct, explicit meaning Connotative = meanings associated with words or attached implications Functions of Language - emotive = express feelings/ attitudes “gripping” - phatic = reinforce relationship “hi, how are you?”
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- cognitive = convey information - rhetorical = influence thoughts/ behaviors, persuasive - identifying = naming things “Susan” not “she” Language Distortion = ambiguous, vague Inartictulates = language that serves no purpose, space fillers ex. “um” , “like” Chapter 3 – Nonverbal Communication Verbal and Nonverbal Relations -
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