theatre final study guide

theatre final study guide - Limitations HugeGeneralization...

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Challenges of Theatre History and Ancient Greece Limitations: -Huge Generalization -Focus on Western Theatre -We really know very little on theatre history up till about the 20 th  century Sources of Information about Greek Theatre (be able to list 3) Visual Art- primarily vase painting Archeological remains o Plays from fifth century BC but ruins of theatre from forth century BC Scripts/Extant (existing) Texts Written Accounts (not good because its from their point of view and translations  may not be possible) Comedy actors wore strap-ons** Greece: A collection of city states- Polis Greece has lots of mountains, making it difficult to travel through Lots of water, 9,000 miles of coastline Intense loyalty for their hometown Local Flavor Athens- international artistic thinking Delphi- mystic center of the universe Sparta/Trojan- Wars Greece is the first place to have the 4 elements of theatre- liveness, audience, text, and  actors Characteristics Greeks Share Language Competition Polytheistic Humanism Trained mind & fit body Snobs Men  “Citizen” = adult, free, native-born, male Hold political office Own land Brotherly love Away at war Women Promiscuous, passionate Produce children, run household Stay home Poor women worked, wealthy women shopped, priestesses, courtesans Could not  be  citizen, but could pass citizenship to her sons Chronology
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“Trojan War”  Thespis Playwrights Surrender of Athens Aristotle’s Poetics Roman empire Under Julius Caesar Dionysia,  Dithyrambs (matching) , and  Thespis (matching) City Dionysia -Every March in Athens -Celebrates Dionysus -First- Diathyrambs -Later- Theatre Diathyrambs -Hymns -Dancing, Singing -Troupes of 50 Thespis -A dithyramb singer - Brilliant idea to step out of the chorus (536 or 533 BCE) -“The First Actor” 5-Day Festival 1. Parade 2. Present Tragedies 3. Present Tragedies 4. Present Tragedies 5. Comedies Comedy Everyday people A crazy “happy idea” Sex jokes, scatological (potty) jokes, lampooning famous people From “komodia” = “revel song” Satyr Play Part man, part goat (know this for a MC) Attend Dionysus, loves wine Parodied mythical stories One extant satyr play- Cyclops Tragedy Mythic or heroic Kings, Queens, Warriors Hero with character flaw Katharsis- emotional release/ audience learns a lesson “a-ha” moment From “Tragodos” = “goat song” Playwrights Upper Class Men Well-educated Not making money Actor and Coach
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Tragic Authors submit 3 tragedies + 1 Satyr play (tetralogy) Comic Authors submit 1 comedy
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