final study guide health

final study guide health - Readings you will NOT be...

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Readings you will NOT be responsible for on the exam: 1) Those specified on the Study Guides 2) Pages: 333-350; 515-533 Health 130: Final Exam Study Guide Be familiar with the decade in which violence was defined as a public health issue and why it became a public health issue. 1980s – violence as a public health issue o it was defined as a public health issue when it got into the suburban communities; it started to influence the richer communities Be familiar with the data on secular trends in homicide, including: a) nature of the changes in homicide victimization over the past 50 years; Changes in homocide trends recently decined to levels last seen in the 1950s: Homocide: murder o Intentional injury o Data services, outcomes, confidence in data o Homocide data is accurate o Most severe outcome of violence Changes in Homicide Trends Driven by Changes in the Number of Homicides in Large American Cities The increase and decrease is what is going on in large cities o Population of a million or more o What is it about cities with that large of population? o Population density – lack of social interaction/engagement/collectiveness o 1980s – Trickle down theory Taxcuts, rise in prosperity, quickly followed by a recession. Lack of a revenue base in the cities to protect infrastructure “Urban flight” – everyone able to get out of the city migrated to suburban areas Primarily whites who were better suitable to do so Who was left behind? Resource poor people left in resource poor neighborhoods o Drugs came into the cities o Blue collar jobs left in cities o Economic issues, geographic isolation issues explain trends b) sociodemographics (i.e. urban/rural, weapons, age, gender, race/ethnicity) associated with the rise and fall in homicide in the U.S. over the past 50 years). Older Teens and Young Adults Have the Highest Homicide Victimization & Offending rates
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Homicides Are Most Often Committed with Handguns - Cowboy image of Americans - Right to bear arms - US has a love affair with guns - Should we rethink gun ownership? o Its easier to get a gun than get a good education? Gun Homicides by Teens & Young Adults Rose Sharply Beginning in Mid-1980's and Fell After Early 1990's Offending Rates for Both Males and Females Followed the Same Pattern as Victimization Rates Dramatic Increases in Both Homicide Victimization and Offending Rates were Experienced by Young Males, Particularly Young Black Males, in the Late 1980's and Early 1990's - Black Males - Black Females - White Males - White Females - Does it make sense why people see young black males as the face of violence -
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Although Slightly Less True Now, Most Murders are Intra-Racial - White on White - Black on Black - How does the media portray black on white? Have a general understanding of the categories of factors included in a Biopsychosocial Model of Adolescent Violence.
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