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Health 130 study guide for the final

Health 130 study guide for the final - Health 130 Final...

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Health 130: Final Exam Study Guide (half of the final) New Material: Be familiar with the decade in which violence was defined as a public health issue and why it became a public health issue. - early 80’s; it was defined as a public health issue when it got into the suburban communities; it started to influence the richer communities – was a thought; media attention was drawn to this - young people were dying** major cause of mortality for young people major public health cause - Most of the crime is black on black and white on white Be familiar with the data on secular trends in homicide, including: a) nature of the changes in homicide victimization over the past 50 years; b) sociodemographics (i.e. urban/rural, weapons – apart of the trend in understanding violence, age, gender, race/ethnicity) associated with the rise and fall in homicide in the U.S. over the past 50 years). – even the size of cities - homocides in relation to sociodemographics and communities helps us understand why this all happened – the trends are where when and who it is happening to and how it is happening over time - understanding these trends helps to characterize and describe the violence problem - by size of city where is most of the homocide taking place? By weapon? Which gender and race? o Age who is most affected? Teenagers and young adults Have a general understanding of the categories of factors included in a Biopsychosocial Model of Adolescent Violence. - societal macrosystems: poverty, marginalization, discrimination - proximal social contexts: neighborhoods and schools - close interpersonal relationships: peer context and family context - individual factors: personal risk factors Have a general understanding of the pathways by which poverty (both absolute and relative) may be related to adolescent violence. - poverty leading to adolescent violence o absolute poverty: leads to resource deprivation then to residential segregation and then to the rise of subcultures violence deprives people of the capabilities to lead the lives they would wish to live o relative: leads to visible gaps and inequalities in society which leads to social organization and then violence both absolute and relative poverty translate into a diminished sense of control over one’s life Understand the meaning of the terms: human capital, social capital (also known as collective efficacy) and economic capital.
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- human capital: investing in education (its useful but unequal), employment, afterschool programs, programs and resources (opportunities), child care programs o investing in our capability - social capital: new concept, technical, portfolio of assets, stocks of reciprocal relationships o collective efficacy (confidence in your ability as a group; have voices heard) measures community cohesion through: levels of mutual trust norms of reciprocity civic engagement o social in nature o measuring and supporting: groups and the ability to come together and let people have a voice to advocate/produce/protest/vote and better the community o
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