Klezmer (Jewish music)

Klezmer (Jewish music) - Jewish ghettos - created in the...

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Jewish Music in Eastern Europe and the U.S.
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KLEZMER • the name for Jewish secular music • the word “klezmer” derives from Hebrew words “Kley” (instrument) and “zemer” (song) • developed in the 15th century • klezmorim - the name for Jewish musicians in Eastern European Jewish settlements (shtetls)
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Pale of Settlement • Jews were persecuted in the Russian Empire (Orthodox Christian) •Jews were only allowed to live in central and western Ukraine known as Pale of Settlement (extended into today’s Poland, Byelorussia, Lithuania) •Jews could not own land • Many Jews migrated from the Russian Empire in the early 1900s to the U.S. (especially New York) to escape pogroms (organized raids on shtelts)
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Holocaust • Pogroms against Jews go back to the 1600s in the Russian Empire - communities of Jews were always under attack - massacres of thousands Pogroms continue through the early 1900s in the Russian Empire (this is one of the reasons why Jews strongly supported the 1917 Russian Revolution)
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Unformatted text preview: Jewish ghettos - created in the late 1930s Systematic extermination of Jews - WWII (1941-1945), 6 million deaths, early 1940s Klezmer instruments in E. Europe were similar to those played by non-Jewish musicians Tsimbl (left) Tsymbaly (right) Jewish version Ukrainian version Both are similar to Hungarian cimbalom Klezmer Playing Style intended to imitate emotional expression on an instrument often the instrument imitates a weeping/sobbing sound (particularly on clarinet) - this ornamentation is known as Krekht - literally means sob dreydlekh - a musical ornament that is a trill (when you play neighboring notes back and forth very quickly) this secular (non-religious) music has its roots in Jewish liturgical music Fuses Romanian, Ukrainian, Gypsy, Moldovan musical elements Klezmer, early 1900s in NY / revived in 1970s Dave Tarras (1897-1989) Klezmer revival - 1970s clarinet ! (born in Ukraine, lived in NY)...
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Klezmer (Jewish music) - Jewish ghettos - created in the...

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