CIVL3007-EIA-2010-2-Methodology-2

CIVL3007-EIA-2010-2-Methodology-2 - CIVL3007-2010 EIA...

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1 EIA methodology CIVL3007-2010 Dr. Zhang T 1. Impact identification methods Analogy Checklist •M a t r i x 2. Baseline study Available data Survey Ecological baseline 3. Alternative proposal 4. Prediction Emission factor Experiment Modeling Index 5. Evaluation 6. Review of methods
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2 Identification Method-1 : Analogy Analogy : learn from EIA reports of similar projects. You are not the first one to do such study, for most of the cases. Where could you get the information about the EIA study done before? Direct application for Environment Permit: http://www.epd.gov.hk/eia/english/register/prjpro/all_2009.html Project profile: http://www.epd.gov.hk/eia/english/register/index1/all_2009.html EIA study brief issued by EPD: http://www.epd.gov.hk/eia/english/register/index4/all_2009.html EIA report: http://www.epd.gov.hk/eia/english/register/open/all.html What information you may get from EIA study done before? – Scope of study, Type of impact – Method applied – Data or parameters generated – Predication results Success and failure experience
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3 Identification Method-2: Checklist Checklist is a simple list of environmental factors (or impacts) which should be addressed. Checklists provide an approach for identifying key impacts and environmental factors to consider in environmental impact studies. Checklists stimulate and facilitate interdisciplinary team discussions during the planning, conduction, and summarization of environmental impact studies Because published checklists represent the collective professional knowledge and judgment of their developers, they have a certain level of professional credibility and usability . Checklists can be modified (items added or deleted) to make them more applicable for particular project types in given locations.
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4 Environmental Changes ( HK-EIA TM Annex 3 ) a) negative effects on the quality and/or quantity of the biophysical environment including 1) marine waters, 2) surface water, 3) groundwater, 4) soil, 5) land, 6) air, 7) marine bottom sediments. b) emissions, discharges or releases to the environment, including 1) persistent and/or toxic chemicals, 2) sediments, 3) biological or microbial agents, 4) nutrients, 5) agricultural wastes, 6) domestic or industrial liquid/semi-solid/solid wastes, 7) electromagnetic field, 8) noise, 9) gaseous emissions, 10) dust, 11) odour, 12) thermal energy. c) threats to, loss of, or damage to flora and fauna and/or their habitats including habitat fragmentation. d) disruption of food webs . e) negative effects on the health of biota including flora and fauna. f) the removal of resource materials from the environment. g) reduction in productivity of operations involved in primary or secondary production. h) changes to existing landscapes .
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This note was uploaded on 12/01/2010 for the course CIVL 2007 taught by Professor Profchai during the Spring '10 term at HKU.

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CIVL3007-EIA-2010-2-Methodology-2 - CIVL3007-2010 EIA...

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