Sociology 168- Study Guide-Exam2

Sociology 168- Study Guide-Exam2 - StudyGuideSOC168 1 What...

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Study Guide SOC 168 Chapter 5 the Sociology of Herbert Spencer 1. What is the basic argument that Spencer develops on his Morals philosophy and Social Statics? Spencer’s basic argument for his book, Social Statics, is that human happiness can be achieved only when individuals can  satisfy their needs and desires without infringing on the rights of others to do the same.  P52 2. What did he call his basic law of ethics and morality? Spencer’s argument of social statics is his basic law of ethics and morality.   Live to be happy but do not interfere in any other  human’s happiness. He argued that once these laws of ethics and morality were discovered, individuals should obey them and cease  trying to construct political legislation or any type of social form that would violate these laws. He believed that violating or trying  to change these laws would only create in the long run more severe problems. Spencer argued that from the laws of nature humans  should be as free from external regulation as possible   laissez-faire Spencer saw this view as his basic law of ethics and morality: each member of the race…must not only be endowed with  faculties enabling him to receive the highest enjoyment in the act of living, but must be so constituted that he may obtain  full satisfaction for every desire, without diminishing the power of others to obtain like satisfaction: nay to fulfill the  purpose perfectly, must derive pleasure from seeing pleasure in others. (My translation: each human must not only be gifted with the ability to allow himself to receive the highest enjoyment, but  also he may be so complete that he may obtain full satisfaction for every desire without diminishing the power of others to  obtain like satisfaction. He doesn’t have to fulfill the purpose of obtaining full satisfaction for every desire, but he must  obtain pleasure from seeing pleasure in others.) p52 Indeed the bulk of Social Statics seeks to show how his moral law and the laws of laissez-faire capitalism converge, and implicitly  how they reflect biological laws of unfettered competition and struggle among species.  3. What is his “Cardinal” or his “first principle of the universe”? -His first principle was: to treat the great division of the universe (inorganic matter, life, mind, and society) as subject to  understanding by scientific principles.   -This principle applies to all the realms of the universe. Through this he felt he had unlocked the mysteries of the physical,  organic, and super organic (Societal) universe. P54-55 4. What is evolution for Spencer? (The imagery that his principles communicated)
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Sociology 168- Study Guide-Exam2 - StudyGuideSOC168 1 What...

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