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Sociology 169-Study Guide-Final Exam

Sociology 169-Study Guide-Final Exam - Exam#3 Sociology 169...

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Exam #3 – Sociology 169 – Spring 2010 1. Throughout the quarter, most of the theories we have discussed have either leaned more towards structural-functionalism or towards conflict theory. I would like you to compare and contrast these two theoretical traditions. What are the major assumptions of social behavior and social organization for each tradition? Are they opposed to each other, or are they reconcilable? Which is more satisfactory and why? • Structural-Functionalism : Society persisting : Well Integrated : All parts contribute to a whole : Consensual Relations ω Society persists throughout time : The major assumptions for this theory suggest that people do not like to break the norm. They will conform to set standards that society places upon them. In the structural- functionalist tradition, its approach consists of society keeping persistence, well integration; all parts contribute to whole and consensual relations. • Conflict : Change is constant/normal : Every moment is social conflict : All parts of conflict contribute to change : Constraint over consensus: all about choice : The conflict tradition consists of constant to normal change, in every movement there is social conflict, all parts contribute to change, and lastly there is constrain over consensus meaning that it is ultimately all about change. : In conflict there is an innovative process that introduces new patterns of social relations or changes the entire social system. : Conflict is inevitable when there are more and more people placed together. : The major assumption for this theory consists of constant change in society. This change is normal. Without conflict society would not advance. I believe the two traditions can be opposing in their own ways yet, at the end of the day they come together to compliment one another. They both share the common goal of contributing to reach a certain standard that they both desire. Regardless of whether they reach it with change or they reach it with consistency it will still get done. In terms of understanding human behavior and organization I feel that the conflict theory is more satisfying in being able to explain how and why things happen. The conflict theory has the ability to explain natural behaviors such as human behaviors. 2. We spent a few days discussing why emotions are sociologically relevant. To answer this question, you must first explain (exhaustively) why emotions are structured. Then, explain what Hochschild meant by emotion work. Emotions are structured by sociology because they tend to be guided by social wounds. We are all more or less talented during emotions. Emotions are products of interaction with people or society to guide us when there is uncertainty about feeling a certain way. Situational cues tell us how to act. For example, people tend to know how to feel in most situations and
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some use humor to change the way of the situation if they find themselves in an embarrassing or awkward situation. When people try no to feel in ways appropriate to the situation the individual is social,
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Sociology 169-Study Guide-Final Exam - Exam#3 Sociology 169...

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