study guide 2 - STUDYGUIDEMIDTERM2 Chapter5

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STUDY GUIDE MIDTERM 2 Chapter5 Read the section on Spencer’s Moral Philosophy, his Social Statics.  What is the basic argument that Spencer develops?(Pg52) The basic argument of social statics can be stated as follows: Human Happiness can be achieved only when individuals can satisfy their needs and desires without  infringing on their rights of others to do the same. Be able to discuss what he called his basic law of ethics and morality. (Pg.52) Each member of the race must not be only endowed with faculties enabling him to receive the highest enjoyment in the act of living but must be constituted that he  may obtain full satisfaction for every desire, without diminishing the power of others to obtain like satisfaction. To fulfill the purpose perfectly, must derive pleasure  from seeing pleasure in others. -He felt that this law was an extension of laws in the natural world, and much of his search for scientific laws represented an effort to develop a scientific  justification for his moral position. -The social universe, like the physical and biological realms, revealed invariant laws. Once these laws are discovered humans should obey them and cease trying to  construct, through political legislation, social forms that violate these laws.  Read the section on Spencer’s First Principals What is his cardinal of First Principals of the Universe?  (Pg 55) Drawing from the biology and physics of his time , he felt that he had perceived, at the most abstract level, certain common principles that apply to all realms of the  universe. What is evolution for Spencer? (pg 55-56) For Spencer evolution is the master process of the universe, and it revolves around movement from simple to complex forms of structure. Evolution revolves around the  process of aggregating matter (in the case of society populations of human beings and the structures that organize people), and the subsequent differentiation and  integration of this matter. The forces that aggregate this matter (forces such as immigration, new productive forms, use of power, patterns of conquest, and all those  phenomena that have the capacity to bring humans together) are retained, and as a consequence they also become the forces that differentiate and integrate the matter.  Evolution is thus analysis of societal movement from simple or homogenous to differentiated or heterogeneous forms as well as the mechanisms for integrating these  forms in their environments. In Spencer’s The Study of Sociology
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This note was uploaded on 11/29/2010 for the course SOCIOLOGY 168, 5 taught by Professor Abrutyn during the Spring '07 term at UC Riverside.

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study guide 2 - STUDYGUIDEMIDTERM2 Chapter5

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