Final Study Guide Soc 168 maryansky

Final Study Guide Soc 168 maryansky - Chapter 6 What was...

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Chapter 6 What was Karl Marx’s early life like? Marx was born in 1818 in Germany. His father was a lawyer and a product of the Enlightenment. He taught Marx evolution and progress. Who was Ludwig von Wesphalen? he was Marx’s next door neighbor and his father’s friend. He soon became his mentor and later his father-in-law. He introduced Marx to the Collectivist Philosophers. Also know how Ludwig Feurerback and Adam Smith influenced Marx*. *Who was Friedrich Engles? How important was Engles to Marx? Be prepared to discuss the history and relationship that Marx had with Engles.* Chapter 7 What is capital? Capital is income producing assets. Why is Marx unique as a classical sociologist? Marx was unique in that he acted as revolutionary and social scientist, a combination that constitutes the greatest weakness in his sociology . Read and know the sections on the “Nature of Social Theory” and the “Characteristics of All Societies”. Be sure you know Marx’s basic Theoretical Methodology, especially the four characteristics of his dialectical materialism*. Dialectic materialism: 1. society is a social structure. It is a system of interrelated parts like social classes, institutions, and values. These parts form an integrated whole. 2. Social change is inherent in all societies as people make history by satisfying their needs. This change comes from within the society. All societies have contradictions within them that which will cause the opposites to happen, thus it changes. Marx talks about the contradictions within capitalism in the Communist Manifesto and Capital. 3. Social change evolves in a recognizable pattern. The change is inherent in society. society developed form less complex to more complex social structure. For example, feudalism to capitalism. The change is based on the inherent need described in the 2 nd characteristic. Marx believed that human progress was inevitable and eventually society would change to a utopia, which he believed was communism. 4. people act freely within the given predictability of opposition and class conflict. Marx felt that the different classes were always opposed, they’re always enemies. Although they were opposed they are always connected. Given the division of labor in capitalism, the differing interests and opportunities are always predictable. Why is Marx’s methodology unique? Because it combines determinism, with human freedom. Read the section on Bourgeoisie and Proletarians*. Who are they? The bourgeoisie are the rich upper class people. They are the ones that hold the means of production. They are the capitalist who exploit the proletariats. The proletariat is the working class and poor people. They sell their labor to the bourgeoisie in order to make a living. They cannot survive without each other. Why did Marx say that “the history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles? Marx says this because he believed that in every society there has been those who oppress and who are oppressed. He says that these conflicts always
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This note was uploaded on 11/29/2010 for the course SOC 168 taught by Professor Lio during the Spring '07 term at UC Riverside.

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Final Study Guide Soc 168 maryansky - Chapter 6 What was...

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