The impressionist style of painting is characterized chiefly by concentration on the general
impression produced by a scene or object and the use of unmixed primary colors and small
strokes to simulate actual reflected light.
, a major movement, first in painting and later in
music, that developed chiefly in France during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Impressionist painting comprises the work produced between about 1867 and 1886 by a
group of artists who shared a set of related approaches and techniques. The most
conspicuous characteristic of Impressionism was an attempt to accurately and objectively
record visual reality in terms of transient effects of light and colour. The principal Impressionist
painters were Claude Monet, Pierre Auguste Renoir, Camille Pissarro, Alfred Sisley, Berthe
Morisot, Armand Guillaumin, and Frédéric Bazille, who worked together, influenced each
other, and exhibited together independently. Edgar Degas and Paul Cézanne also painted in
an Impressionist style for a time in the early 1870s. The established painter Édouard Manet,
whose work in the 1860s greatly influenced Monet and others of the group, himself adopted
the Impressionist approach about 1873.
Fishing Boats Leaving the Harbor, Le Havre
1874 (160 Kb); Oil on canvas, 60 x 101 cm (23 5/8 x 39 3/4"); Private collection
Impressionism, a major movement in painting that developed chiefly in France during the late
and early 20
centuries. Impressionist painting comprises the work produced between
about 1867 and 1886 by a group of artists who shared a set of related approaches and
techniques. Characteristics of Impressionism were an attempt to accurately and objectively
record visual reality in terms of transient effects of light and color.
was a 19th century art movement, that began as a loose association of Paris-
based artists who began publicly exhibiting their art in the 1860s. The name of the movement
is derived from Claude Monet's
Impression, Sunrise (Impression, soleil levant)
. Critic Louis
Leroy inadvertently coined the term in a satiric review published in
The influence of Impressionist thought spread beyond the art world, leading to Impressionist
music and Impressionist literature.
Characteristic of impressionist painting are visible brushstrokes, light colors, open
composition, emphasis on light in its changing qualities (often accentuating the effects of the
passage of time), ordinary subject matter, and unusual visual angles.
Impressionism also describes art done in this style, but outside of the late 19th century time