EXAM 4 NOTES - Monday, April 16, 2007 MarriageandFamily...

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Monday, April 16, 2007 Marriage and Family Every society has rules. The family is also a way to provide for various people who are dependent and can’t take care of themselves (children, elderly people, and people who are physically disabled.) In most societies the primary duties fall on the family for taking care of these people. The family is also first in line of different agents of socialization. The family teaches young people things they need to know to become part of the society. The family is the oldest form of socialization that we know of. Long ago governments societies were organized according to families or clans. Most of us will have two forms of families o Family of Origin - the family we are born in primarily consist of our parents and siblings. o Family of Procreation -when we get married and have children ourselves. Some of the rules about families: o Patrilineal societies - the line of decent is figured from father to son. The old Testament is full of different family trees. Almost all of these have names of men (rare you will find a women’s name). o Matrilineal Societies - the line of decent from mother to daughter. o Bilineal Societies- the line of decent of males is figured from father to son and the line of decent of females is figured from daughter to mother. However societies do it this line of decent is usually strongly connected to inheritance (ex: family property). That is why societies have rules about incest (not because of the dangers it causes biologically, but because it screws up the line of decent). Rules of incest are about who we can marry o Exogamy - rules that say we have to marry outside of a certain group. Here in the U.S. you can’t marry your mother, father, siblings, 1 st cousin, sons, or daughters, and some states 2 nd cousin. Other societies have different rules about incest, but to marry someone in your own clan would be considered incest. In the Old Testament it was okay to marry your half sister, or cousin. o Endogamy -rules that say you have to marry within a certain group. In some societies you would have to marry within your own clan. These rules often have combinations. Phratries - a clan but describes a group that is divided up in two. o Eagle - Eagle has to choose a bride from the Bear clan. You would marry your 1 st cousin on the opposite side of the family (so a boy has to marry a 1 st cousin from his mother’s side).
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o Bear - a women would have to marry a 1 st cousin on her father’s side. Then they wouldn’t consider this to be incest. Only in America’s society did we not have any laws for a while stating that you couldn’t marry someone from a certain group (except you couldn’t marry someone from a different race). Non Hispanic or white
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This note was uploaded on 11/29/2010 for the course SOCL 2001 taught by Professor Mecom during the Spring '07 term at LSU.

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EXAM 4 NOTES - Monday, April 16, 2007 MarriageandFamily...

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