Reading34 - 00:12 Reading#34 October21,1993July25,1996 o...

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00:12 Reading #34 Preventing Conflict Escalation in Burundi This chapter examines the preventive actions sought to address the Burundi  conflict over two major periods: October 21, 1993-July 25, 1996 o It begins with an attempt to derail the infant democratic process and ends  with a successful coup that brought President Pierre Buyoya back to  power. July 25, 1996-August 28, 2000 o The Arusha Peace and Reconciliation Agreement for Burundi is signed.   The basic summary of this article is that mediation and negotiation efforts  aimed at preventing conflict escalation are more effective when they include all of  the relevant parties and are led by a concerted regional effort backed by wider  international support. In particular proximity talks-peace talks initiated by  neighboring actors-may be effective. The preventive actions took place in the  trigger/mobilization phase of potential or actual conflict and measures were taken  by external state actors, international organizations and NGOs. Political Context of Conflict in Burundi Burundi is a typical example of a centralist internal conflict, which is  characterized as o Disputes over the control of a state’s central authority Insurgents want to replace the government or be included in it The government resists being replaced or sharing power Causes of conflict: o Political and economic o Sporadic conflict triggered by a struggle for political power and scarce  economic resources between elites of two dominant ethnic groups o Majority Hutu and minority Tutsi o Ethnicity used as a vehicle for political and economic competition o Political life dominated by military oligarchy, coups are the major vehicle of  leadership change, all heads of state have been from the army, all have  been Tutsi from the same region and clan
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  • Spring '10
  • Bentancor
  • peace process, conflict escalation, Unified Task Force, Burundi  conflict, centralist internal conflict

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Reading34 - 00:12 Reading#34 October21,1993July25,1996 o...

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