IR315Reading8

IR315Reading8 - Reading#8 TheCausesofInternalConflict

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Reading # 8 The Causes of Internal Conflict Many argue that “ancient hatreds, age old animosities” and long lists of historical  grievances are the result of ethnic conflict. While this widely held view can  explain certain conflicts it cannot explain why this is the case in other places and  more importantly why some disputes are more violent and harder to resolve than  others. There are four main sets of factor that best explain internal conflict:  Structural factors Political factors Economic/social factors Cultural/perceptual factors Four different ways by which internal conflict can be triggered: Internal, mass –level factors(bad domestic problems) External, mass-level factors(bad neighborhoods) External, elite-level factors(bad neighbors) Internal, elite-level factors(bad leaders) Underlying Causes of Internal Conflict: Structural Factors o Weak states Some states are born weak states that came out of colonial empires, Africa and Southeast Asia states born from the rubble of political empires, Soviet Union and  Yugoslavia Some states become weaker over time
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due to reductions in aid from major powers and international  financial institutions  internal problems such as corruption and administrative  incompetence o Intra-state security concerns If a state becomes weak with time, there are incentives for groups to  make independent military preparations Can lead to security dilemma, as groups around them will take security 
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This note was uploaded on 11/30/2010 for the course IR 315 taught by Professor Nielsson during the Spring '08 term at USC.

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IR315Reading8 - Reading#8 TheCausesofInternalConflict

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