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phil 27 midterm study guide

phil 27 midterm study guide - 1 ERA a The Equal Right...

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1. “ERA” a. The Equal Right Amendment would essentially grant women greater autonomy in their lives by prohibiting discrimination on the basis of sex. The ERA was defeated in 1982. b. Ehrenreich’s argument is certain social groups, in particularly women, want to restore the Family Way System and reinforce the male’s breadwinner role. c. The anti-feminists see the ERA as further justification for men to revolt which is an obstacle to their restoration of the FWS (Family way system). The ERA is important because its defeat is an example of how anti-feminists or pro-Family Way attempt to restore the FWS by reclaiming their rights on the men’s wages. 2. “Male Revolt” a) The male revolt came to surface in the 50s right after the World War II ended. It was a phenomenon sparked by excessive duties placed on males. b) Barbara Ehrenreich argues that the male revolt was triggered by males who became worn out by the “developmental tasks” that society defined as their manhood and where Playboy Magazine redefined manhood as allowing men to live independently and enjoy their own wealth without being considered homosexual and without bearing the burden of sustaining a family. c) The male revolt is important because it is the beginning of the downfall of the traditional family weight system where the male must be the breadwinner and the female must be the homemaker. It marks a time in history where the definition of manhood is transformed from males as having all the responsibilities outside the house to a definition where males do not need to be tied down to marriage nor work solely to share his income with his family, but rather spend his wealth for his own pleasure. 3. “The Glass Ceiling” a) Implies that recognition and rank corresponding with one's success may be visible yet unattainable for many women b) Reed & Fischer argue that there is a glass ceiling preventing women from acquiring the highest positions in the medical field. They argue that women do not receive institutional support nor get recommended to pursue a career in technical areas such as surgery because since they are women, they cannot handle the responsibilities of being a surgeon and also be able to sustain a family. c) The glass ceiling is an important obstacle to recognize because it is the intangible barrier that prevents women from attaining career positions that are traditionally acquired by men. 4. “Gender Schemas”
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a) Gender schemas are a pattern of characteristics expected from men and women. Reed & Fischer explain that women have the gender schema of being more nurturant and expressive. b) Reed & Fischer argue that gender schemas for women help build the glass ceiling and it prevents women from rising in society because they are perceived to be “more nurturant and expressive and less technically skillful than men”. Therefore, due to the gender schemas of women, society expects them to attain careers in general practice rather than surgical fields.
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