HCA220Appendix F done - Axia College Material Appendix F...

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Axia College Material Appendix F Identifying Anatomical Structures Ch. 3, 4, & 5 I. Use the diagrams on pp. 103-104 to complete sections A, B, & C. A. Body Part Function or Description 1 Oral cavity Mouth contains the tongue, hard palate, soft palate and uvula, teeth, and salivary glands. 2 Teeth Tear, chew, and grind food. 3 tongue Large muscle that fills the oral cavity and assists with eating and talking. It contain taste buds and receptors for the sense of taste. 4 Sublingual gland Are located under the tongue. 5 Submandibular gland Are located under the lower jaw bone. 6 Parotid gland Are large and flat and cover part of the cheek in front of the ear. 7 Pharynx Throat is divided into 3 areas: the nasopharynx, the oropharynx, and the hypopharynx. 8 Esophagus Is a flexible, muscular tube in the thoracic cavity that connects the pharynx to the stomach. B. Body Part Function or Description 1 Esophagus Is a flexible, muscular tube in the thoracic cavity that connects the pharynx to the stomach. 2 Cardiac Sphincter Ring of muscle at the end of the esophagus that constricts. 3 Fundus Is the rounded top of the stomach. 4 Body of stomach The largest, curved part of the stomach. 5 Pylorus Is the narrow canal. 6 Pylorus sphincter Acts as a gatekeeper, keeping food in the stomach and then opening to let food into the duodenum. 7 Pancreas Triangular organ located in the retroperitoneal cavity. It produces digestive enzyme and release them into the duodenum. 8 Duodenum Is a 10 inch, C-shaped segment that curves around the pancreas and connects with the jejunum. 9 Omentum Supports the stomach in position within the abdominopelvic cavity and hangs down like an apron over the small intestine to protect and cushion it. 10 Antrum Is the transition between the body of the stomach. HCA 220
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11 Rugae Expands as the stomach fills with food. 12 Cadia Small region of the stomach where the esophagus enters C. Body Part Function or Description 1 Liver Largest organ in the body. It produces bile. 2 Duodenum First part of the small intestine. It secretes cholecystokinin, a hormone that stimulates the gallbladder and pancreas to release bile and digestive enzymes. 3 Ascending Colon The part of the colon on the right side of the abdomen. It is about one foot in length, and is located between the cecum and the transverse colon. 4 Cecum First part of the large intestine. A short, pouchlike area. The appendix is attached to its external wall. 5 Appendix Long, thin pouch on the exterior wall of the cecum. It does not play a role in digestion. It contains lymphatic tissue and is active in the body’s immune response. 6 Rectum Final part of the large intestine. It is short, straight segment that lies between the sigmoid colon and the outside of the body.
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