Exercise review quizzes ch 1 2 3

Exercise review quizzes ch 1 2 3 - Chapter 1 Claims and...

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Chapter 1 Claims and Arguments Quiz Yolanda Campos (See related pages) Results Reporter Out of 15 questions, you answered 15 correctly with a final grade of 100% 15 correct (100%) 0 incorrect (0%) 0 unanswered (0%) Your Results: The correct answer for each question is indicated by a This is the correct answer.. 1 CORRECT Which of the following statements concerning the nature of critical thinking is most accurate? A) Critical thinking is about helping others and ourselves. B) Critical thinking is about helping others. C) Critical thinking is about attacking others. D) Critical thinking is about self debasement. Feedback: The consequences for not thinking critically are often deleterious to one's self or others. When you don't screen your beliefs to see if they really make sense, you may, in retrospect, wish you had.
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2 CORRECT Which of the following most accurately completes this sentence? "A claim is a statement that is..." A) true. B) false. C) either true or false, but not both. D) true and false, depending on the context. Feedback: A claim is merely a statement expressing a belief. If that statement is true, it can be used as a reason to support a conclusion within an argument, if false, it cannot (the conclusion is a claim, as well). 3 CORRECT Which of the following sentences is not a claim? A) Life exists on planets other than Earth. B) Dare to stay off drugs! C) Something's force equals its mass multiplied by its acceleration. D) Joe owns a pet dog. Feedback: This sentence is not truth evaluable because it is a suggestion, not a declarative statement. 4 CORRECT Which of the following best completes this sentence? "When a sentence has a truth value, we mean that it..." A) is either true or false, even if we cannot necessarily determine which it is. B) is false.
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C) is true. D) is neither true nor false. Feedback: A sentence that can be evaluated for truth or falsity has to make an assertion, or claim. Imperatives (Shut the door!), questions (Why?), and other sorts of sentences, are neither true nor false. 5 CORRECT Which of the following is a good way to state an issue in neutral terms? A) Turn the claim that one party accepts and the other party rejects into a question. B) Place the word "if" in front of the claim that one party accepts and the other party rejects. C) Place the words "it is possible that" in front of the claim that one party accepts and the other party rejects. D) Place the word "whether" in front of the claim that one party accepts and the other party rejects. Feedback: "Whether" turns both sides of an issue into claims deserving of equal consideration and argument. For example, "The issue is whether to legalize marijuana or not to legalize it," allows for arguments to be presented on both sides. 6 CORRECT Generally speaking, which of these statements best represents the relationship between issues and topics of conversation?
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