Intro to Psych outline 1

Intro to Psych outline 1 - Part One BACKGROUND 1....

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Part One BACKGROUND 1. Psychology, the science of behavior a. Science is the use of certain procedures to study things b. Behavior, both overt and covert 2. Origins in philosophy Introspectionists: Looked inward at own experience of reality Later on, phenomenologist emphasized importance of personal experience Behaviorists: Argued that others also need to verify; thus focus on overt behavior Science requires that the event be verifiable by others Behavior came to include external reflections of internal events Influences of both views in today’s psychology Shared assumptions that regularities exist and can be verified, which is the basis of science 3. Viewpoints active within psychology (what behavior is based on) Biological: People are animals with biological processes Evolutionary: People evolved to fit demands of existence Psychodynamic: Many things going on inside us at once, competing Behavioral: People learn all the time Cognitive: People organize their experience in their minds Humanistic: People are able to make free choices in life 4. Philosophy gave rise to scientific psychology (academic, research, basic), with its focus on how reality is organized, how things work Some areas of basic psychology that examine sub-systems: Physiological psych/bio-psychology/behavioral neuroscience Perceptual psych Cognitive psych Thought processes/ planning/ languages and symbolization/ memory Motivational psych Concept of motivation/how to decide based on desire Learning psych
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Areas of basic psychology that examine the whole person: Developmental psych Aging/ processes of aging/ what are they for Personality psych Social psych How is one person influenced by others 5. Another origin of psychology focused on applying knowledge to practical problems. (This is identified with what is known as the service or applied tradition) Clinical and Counseling psych Help people deal with their problems/ Health psychology Health problems/ ex. Cancer patients and their experiences plus the families Industrial and Organizational psych, human factors Increasing efficiency in the workplace/making workers happy Psychologists’ training: College (BA, BS) Graduate School (M.S., Ph.D.) 6. Other areas often confused with psychology Psychiatrists: M.D., psychiatric residency Psychoanalyst: usually further-specialized psychiatrist, longer specialization in psychoanalysis Social Worker: Masters Degree Mental Health counselors: Masters degree (MA, MS, usually in psychology) …………………………………………. . Back to the problem faced by the philosophers: 1. How do you decide what reality is? Simplest approach is make a single observation and draw general conclusion Problems in measurement that make that a poor approach: 9/2/09 R----------reliability: does event repeat itself? Reliability sometimes leads to a “case study”
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This note was uploaded on 12/01/2010 for the course PSY 110 taught by Professor Winters during the Spring '08 term at University of Miami.

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Intro to Psych outline 1 - Part One BACKGROUND 1....

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