Test2outline - PHYLOGENY AND SYSTEMATICS PROKARYOTES...

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PHYLOGENY AND SYSTEMATICS PROKARYOTES: BACTERIA & ARCHAEA PROTISTS: DON’T MEMORIZE THESE LIFE CYCLES; KNOW ZE ORGANIZMZ AND THEN WE HAVE PLANT DIVERSITY ONE: THAT IS 29 BINOMIAL NOMENCLATURE DEF: PHYLOGENY, TAXONOMY, SYTEMATICS LINNEAUS: AT LEAST 2 NAMES PER ORGANISM GENUS & SPECIES BASIS OF CLASSIFICATION: HIERARCHY DOMAIN, KINGDOM, PHYLUM PHYLOGENETIC TREE: WHERE & WHAT IT CAN GIVE US ROOT & ROOTLESS TREES; DICOTOMY (1 ANCESTOR -> 2 SPECIES)AND POLYTOMY SISTER TAXON – SHARES COMMON ANCESTOR PHYLOGRAM – CHANGES IN DNA ANTROMETRIC TREE – TIME OF DIVERGENCE APPLICATION OF PHYLOGENY -BIOSECURITY, BIOCONSERVATION, IDENTIFICATION OF ORGANISMS PHYLOGENETIC DATA IS MORPHOLOGICAL AND DNA BASED, MOLECULAR IS MOST IMPORTANT CLADISTICS – GROUPING ORGANISMS USING SHARED DERIVED CHARACTERS, BASED OFF OF CONTROL GROUP USE 2 MAJOR PRINCIPLES: PARSIMONY & MAXIMUM LIKELYHOOD -ACCEPT THE ONE WITH THE LEAST NUMBER OF CHANGES REQUIRED (SIMPLEST) -AT MOLECULAR BASES, WE USE THE MOST LIEKLY PATH OF DNA CHANGE
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