Workshop on Kingdom Fungiby Dana Krempels (modified by Malancha Sarkar)Introduction Kingdom Fungi is an ostensibly monophyletic assemblage of ecologically important organismsthat not only perform the vital function of decomposition, but also engage in a wide variety of symbiotic relationships with other species. Although once thought to be related to plants, fungi are now known to share a more recent common ancestor with animals than with plants. Several characteristics set fungi apart from all other organisms, as you have learned in lecture. In today's workshop, your goals will be to 1Understand the general terminology associated with fungi, their structure and function. 2Understand the general life cycle of the fungi, and how this life cycle is similar and different in each of the major fungal taxa. 3Consider the important ecological roles various fungi play as decomposers and as symbionts in a wide array of symbiotic relationships. I. Structure and Function of Fungi: TerminologyDiscuss the precise meanings of the following terms as they relate to fungi. A. Anatomy1. mycelium 2. hypha (pl. hyphae) 3. coenocytic 4 septum (pl. septa) 5. chitin 6. yeast 7 saprobe B. Life Cycle1.sporangium 2.conidium (pl. conidia) 3."+" and "-" mating types 1.plasmogamy 2.karyogamy 3.dikaryotic 4.fruiting body
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