workshop 6 - Workshop on Kingdom Fungi by Dana...

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Workshop on Kingdom Fungi by Dana Krempels (modified by Malancha Sarkar) Introduction Kingdom Fungi is an ostensibly monophyletic assemblage of ecologically important organismsthat not only perform the vital function of decomposition, but also engage in a wide variety of symbiotic relationships with other species. Although once thought to be related to plants, fungi are now known to share a more recent common ancestor with animals than with plants. Several characteristics set fungi apart from all other organisms, as you have learned in lecture. In today's workshop, your goals will be to 1 Understand the general terminology associated with fungi, their structure and function. 2 Understand the general life cycle of the fungi, and how this life cycle is similar and different in each of the major fungal taxa. 3 Consider the important ecological roles various fungi play as decomposers and as symbionts in a wide array of symbiotic relationships. I. Structure and Function of Fungi: Terminology Discuss the precise meanings of the following terms as they relate to fungi. A. Anatomy 1. mycelium 2. hypha (pl. hyphae) 3. coenocytic 4 septum (pl. septa) 5. chitin 6. yeast 7 saprobe B. Life Cycle 1. sporangium 2. conidium (pl. conidia) 3. "+" and "-" mating types 1. plasmogamy 2. karyogamy 3. dikaryotic 4. fruiting body
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